Biography of Huáscar. Emperador inca (ca. 1491-1532)

12th inca sovereign born on date unknown in the vicinity of Cuzco and died in 1532, possibly in Antamarca. Son of Huayna Capac and brother of Atahualpa, with this delivered a great civil war during the years of the Spanish penetration in Peru.

He was the son of Huayna Cápac, his second wife and cousin, the Coya Rahua Ocllo, and was born in a house next to Cuzco where used to visit the Inca to rest. His name was Inti Cusi Huallpa, which means 'Sun of joy'. The Huascar was imposed by a ceremony that is ordered by his father to celebrate his birth; the ceremony consisted of more than 200 Dried apricots or noble Indians to conduct a dance in the main square of Cuzco (Huacaypata), holding up a string of gold's 350 steps. The chain or rope, "huasca" as thick as a cuff-link chain, gave name to this Inca.

Huascar represented opposite his brother Atahualpa inca tradition. He always lived in Cuzco, surrounded by priests and nobles, while his father Huayna Capac ruled in Tomebamba and educated his son Atahualpa. When Huayna Cápac ill death appointed his heir to a son called Ninan Cuyuchi and Huascar in second place. Ninan died (possibly of the same epidemic of smallpox that his father) and Huascar was elected Inca in 1527, after the death of Huayna Cápac. The nobility and the clergy went to Cuzco to pay tribute to him, but his brother Atahualpa sent a political message, and started recruiting troops under the pretext of having to submit to the rebel huancavilcas. Huascar Sharp-witted nothing until they made him see that there was a conspiracy to kill him and that Atahualpa's preparations were not subject to the huancavilcas, but to threaten him and take the throne. He then ordered a purge in his court to unmask the conspirators. Command kill committed a brother and an uncle, and he tried very hard to dried apricots which had come to Quito to the ceremonial funeral of Huayna Cápac. Some of these were subjected to torture to have it developed plans of Atahualpa. It then undertook religious reforms that caused a great discontent, how to order that it is represented to Viracocha with the image of the Sun, suppress the panacas and the cult of the deceased Incas. He even taunted the acllas or virgins of the Sun, allowing some dancers raped them during a party held in Pomapampa. It was a bad time for reforms, as his brother Atahualpa had proclaimed Inca in Quito. The division of the Empire was already a reality, with two capitals, Tomebamba and Cuzco, two Inca, Huascar and Atahualpa, and two worlds; on the tradition and the of move them conquests.

Huáscar ordered his brother Atahualpa to appear in court, but the latter was limited to respond by sending them to Cuzco a few emissaries with presents, enraging the Inca. Huáscar ordered the killing of several of these and sent the remaining in back with a few feminine costumes for his brother. Then came the civil war. Huascar had the entire war apparatus Inca, but Atahualpa had an army experienced and commanded by a few general veterans, as they were Chacuchima, Quizquiz, and Rumiñahui. The Cuzco attacked Tomebamba, but could not capture Atahualpa. The actions followed continuously, and Huascar was put at the head of his troops. The meeting was held in Cotabamba, next to the Apurimac river. The first day of the battle was favorable to Huascar's troops, but the following general Chalcuchima defeated their opponents, captured Huáscar and occupied the capital. Atahualpa was then in Cajamarca and acted cruelly, ignoring the advice of his generals, as he commanded to execute all members of the family addicted to Huascar, women, older children and even young boys.

Then came the Spanish invasion. Francisco Pizarro decided to take advantage of the civil war in their own benefit and is directed against Atahualpa, who was the strong man of the Empire, since his brother was prisoner. Atahualpa waited in Cajamarca its enemies, both Spaniards as to his brother Huáscar, coming guarded from Cuzco. November 15, 1532 occurred in Cajamarca the Spanish battle against the army of Atahualpa. Beat the Europeans and the Inca was imprisoned. It was then when, apparently, sent secretly to kill his brother, to avoid that you join the winners. Actually the end of Huascar found wrapped in contradictions. Some versions claim that the Spanish Hernando de Soto and Pedro de el Barca, heading from Cajamarca to Cuzco, met with him and offered them for their freedom the quadruple what they had promised them Atahualpa for his life, being subsequently killed. Others say that Huascar was made prisoner of the Spaniards, who had ill-treated. Agustín de Zárate said that when killed you it "made him quarters and goatherds; It wasn't realized where cast it, and that among the Indians believed that they had eaten with rage." The Father Acosta said that they burned it, and finally there are those who say that his corpse was thrown into the waters of the Antamarca River. Versions exists ensured that Huascar was killed by order of his brother, which served to ask you another charge most in the process that was made.

Bibliography

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