Historian and essayist Dutch, was Professor of history at the universities of Leiden and Gröning. Huizinga considers the work of the historiographer as intuitive of the "lifestyle" of a time recreation, as soon as budget making understandable the various manifestations of the own time, such as art, religion, philosophy or everyday life. In this way, the work of the historian is almost a work of art. Exemplary realization of this orientation is your writing the autumn of the middle ages (1919), translated into all the languages of the Western culture. Other of his works are his biography of Erasmus of Rotterdam (1924-25) and his essay Homo ludens (1938), which develops a theory of the relationship between game and culture, and proposes an idea of civilization as Convention and game.