Biography of Ulrich Reichsritter von Hutten (1488-1523)

German writer born in Burg Steckelberg (Fulda) in 1488 and died on the island of Ufenau, in Lake Zurich in 1523.

Son of a gentleman of Franconia, escaped from the school of the monastery of Fulda and studied until 1511 at the universities of Cologne, Erfurt, Frankfurt an der Oder and Leipzig. In Vienna furthered his humanistic studies to be accepted in the circle of Vadianus (do 1484? - 1551). Between 1512 and 1517 he/she studied law in Italy, and was incorporated into the imperial army; During those years it became a determined enemy of the Papacy, and undertook a series of attack which forced him to leave the Court of the Archbishop of Mainz later against the clergy. He/She defended the doctrine of Luther, and after the failed uprising of the nobles against the Princes in 1522, which he/she himself had driven together with Franz von Sickingen (1481-1523), fled to Zurich under the protection of Ulrich Zwingli (1434-1531).

The formation of Hutten was early on influenced greatly by humanism (Crotus Rubianus, Mutian, Eobanus Hessus, Thagius Aesticampianus), which was decidedly his criticism against the Church and their committed defence of the interests of the Empire against the Roma. While Desiderius was always his model, did not share his nationalist ideas, although Yes it defended the survival of the chivalric world and its traditions. In addition to numerous Elegies and epigrams also wrote dialogues and apologies. In his Ulrich-Reden (Ulrich speeches, 1515-1517), comparable to the CiceroCatilinarias, Hutten condemns the tyranny of a Prince, alluding through him to all the Princes and rulers. Together with Crotus composed in latin the famous Epistolae obscurorum virorum (1517), which criticized the scholastic. His ideas about the reform of Church and State are contained in their Conquestiones (1520), as well as numerous discussions. In 1520, he/she began to use German as written language, with the intention of reaching the town more easily.