Biography of King of la taifa de Málaga Idris ibn Alí (ca. 995-1039)

King of the taifa of Malaga born about 995 and died in Bobastro Monday, October 8, 1039. His short reign was developed at peace thanks to the support of the Slavic and Berber elements of his court that raised it and the support of the taifa which adopted the cause hammudid opposite the Al-Andalus.

Belonging to the faction of the hammudids, of Berber origin and Arab descent, Idris was son of Alí ibn Hammud and Labunah, a daughter of Muhammad al - Arizal and brother of Alí ibn Yahya, who had been Caliph of Cordoba between 1021 and 1023 and then established independently in the territory of Malaga. Idris also had a sister, whose name may not have picked up Chronicles, and who married Muhammad, son of the Caliph also hammudid al-Qasim.

During the Caliphate of Alí ibn Hammud, Idris was responsible for the Government of Malaga, which was the bridge that had established the hammudids in Spain; his brother Yahya was the Government of Ceuta, which his father had previously played. In 1018 Idris became man of his brother, when Al - Qasim ibn Hammud, uncle of both, without respecting the political testament of Alí ibn Hammud, who was appointed heir to the Caliphate to Yahya, was proclaimed Caliph in Córdoba. That year Idris was sent by Yahya to Morocco, while he/she himself hold their dominion over Malaga, waiting for an opportunity to overthrow al - Qasim and thus comply with the testament of Alí ibn Hammud. In 1021, Yahya agreed to the caliphal throne and named Idris his heir, though it later reversed its decision and appointed heir to his son Hassan.

The death of Yahya (1035), their children were very young and Slavic Abu - Fawz-Nacha and the Berber Abu Ahmed ibn Abi Musa ibn Baqanna, customers of the hammudids crush and that they had held positions of Government with Yahya, Idris offered the throne of Malaga, which after decomposition of the Caliphate (1031) was declared independent and whose rulers, from YahyaCaliphs were entitled. Idris, who was in Morocco, received news of his election and travelled to Malaga, where in November of 1035 was proclaimed Caliph to appoint heir his nephew Hassan and handed the Government of the African squares. He/She subsequently received the pledge of allegiance from the people of Malaga and the neighboring regions and the recognition by the taifa of Granada and Almería. Idris took the title of al - Mutayyad bi-Llah, and since at least 1037 issued currency from Malaga with its name. In 1036 he/she sent to strangle his uncle al - Qasim, who had been captured at the beginning of 1024 by Yahya and locked up in the Palace of Málaga; He/She then ordered to deliver the corpse to their children, their own cousins Muhammad and Hasan, who at the time lived in Algeciras.

Idris appointed its Minister and mentor to Ibn Baqanna, which also served as head of its cancilleresca Secretary and designated Nacha as an advisor and caretaker of Prince Hassan, whom he/she appointed Governor of Ceuta. At the end of 1039 Idris was forced to intervene in the fight which claimed the taifa of Granada, Almería and Carmona against Abul Qasim Muhammad in Seville. In September of that year, he/she sent an army under the command of Ibn Baqanna to help Muhammad I of Carmona, who had been attacked by the Sevillian Regulus. After the victory of the allies in Ecija, October 5, 1039, Idris fell seriously ill and was transferred from Malaga to Bobastro, where he/she died shortly after victim of the disease that afflicted him.

According to the Chronicles, Idris was a good ruler and distinguished himself by his generosity and talent, which made possible a reign in peace during his four years of Caliphate. As it was happening with previous successions of the hammudids monarchs, his political testament was ignored - remember that it had appointed heir to his nephew Hassan - and the day of his death was proclaimed Caliph in Malaga his son Yahya. Idris had also other sons, among whom historians cite Ali, the eldest son died before his father, Muhammad and Hassan.

Bibliography

DOZY, R. Histoire des Muslim d'Espagne juste la conquête de l' Cordoba pas les Almoravides. Paris, 1932.

JOVER ZAMORA, J.M. (dir). "The Taifa kingdoms. Al - Andalus in the 11th century,"in history of Spain Menéndez Pidal, vol. VIII-I. Madrid, Espasa Calpe, 1994.

SECO DE LUCENA, L. The Hammudids, Lords of Malaga and Algeciras. Malaga, 1955.