Biography of San Isidro Labrador (1080-1130)

Spanish Saint, born in Madrid at the end of the 11th century, probably to 1080, patron saint of the town and Court and farmers.

Although there are not too many biographical data about the Holy, it seems that you came to the world in a humildisima family, shortly before the reconquest of Madrid, in a house located where today is the street of the water. It was orphaned very soon, so the young Isidro sought is sustenance with work as the pocero until it was finally used as labrador. In these he/she was when Ali, King of Morocco, attacked Madrid in 1110, so Isidro made like many other Spaniards and was transferred to Torrelaguna, where he/she continued with the same genre of life, dedicated to the work and prayer, which had taken so far. It was in the parish of this town where married a young called María, born in Uceda, whose dowry was an inheritance in his hometown, what was cause of that spouses settle there to work the land on their own. Although Isidro was pious and devout, his wife was not going to lag behind in this respect, nor nor as industriousness, all of which made - according to the legend-which is granjearan the predilection of God, which benefited them with your help countless times, as when he/she miraculously saved his only son who had fallen into a deep well or when allowed to María go lean on the Jarama River walk and thus get rid of the fabrications of infidelity that threw the people against it.

In 1119, Isidro returned to Madrid, and went to work as a farmer laborer in the service of such a Juan de Vargas. He/She established his home next to the Church of san Andrés, where heard mass at dawn every morning, and then crossed the bridge of Segovia - the lands of his employer were on the other side of the Manzanares - for dressing to the hard work of plow land with plow. He/She is said giving as it had to the needy and even to the hungry pigeons gave bread crumbs that fed. It has also, charged to his master that harvests desmerecían because it was too long to prayer, that is was to discover it. Thus, Vargas went one day to the place in which Isidro was plowing and, since the road, spotted two young men who worked together to his servant. Arrived that there was a place, did not see more than to Isidro, so he/she asked by those who had seen. Answered the Holy that he/she did not know of anyone who help with the binada simply he/she is entrusted to God and that this was.

With running of the time decided the spouses separated in order to lead a life of greater Holiness; so went Isidro to Madrid, while María Caraquiz devoted to the care of the Hermitage, which swept and washed daily, at the time asking alms for the oil that lit the image remained. The separation lasted until the last illness of the Holy, when María was reported by an angel of the death of her husband. It ran lends to the Villa and not separated from the side of her husband until it breathed his last at 1130, according to some, and in the words of others in 1172. Then he/she returned to Caraquiz and, after a few years, he/she also died. His body was placed in a grave under the Chapel, under the Virgin head and body in secret place.

Isidro, as poor of solemnity that was buried in the cemetery of the parish of san Andrés, in a rough wooden brush box. Forty years on, as the wonders of Isidro remained at mouth in mouth, at the insistence of the people, the body was exhumed and burial was given in the interior of the temple. It was then that, despite the time which has elapsed and have been exposed to the weather, still preserved entire and color as natural as if it were alive, Prodigy which has been verified in the multiple translations that your body have been made.

When Alfonso VIII came to Madrid after having defeated the moro in the Navas de Tolosa, he/she ordered that the body was placed in an ark beautifully painted with scenes from the life of Isidro. The beatification, pronounced by Paulo V June 14, 1619, at the request of Felipe III, was event long awaited by the people of Madrid; to commemorate the event were held large celebrations, in the course of which opened the plaza Mayor.

June 19, 1622, Isidro, that in the memory of the people it was holy, was canonized by Pope Gregory XV, along with santa Teresa and san Ignacio de Loyola, san Francisco Javier, san Felipe Neri. In 1657 the architect fray Diego de Madrid began to rise the chapel of san Isidro - first example of the Madrid Baroque-, annexed to the Church of san Andrés, destined to contain the urn of the Saint, whose transfer occurred definitively in 1669. On February 4, 1789, Carlos III ordered that the URN was installed in the old Imperial College, which was then renamed Royal Church of San Isidro, and which would later become the Cathedral of Madrid. That day, in addition to carry the body of the Holy from the parish of san Andrés, santa María head, moved also from the Oratory in the city.

At the bottom of the altarpiece rests the uncorrupted body of the patron saint of Madrid, in a rectangular urn - under which are the remains of his wife - in wooden recubiera with loaves of gold and silver, all similar to the first which saw--disappeared in 1936 - that was an offering of the Guild of silversmiths in Madrid, in 1620 and that replaced the original Ark.

There are few documents about the Holy, but the footprint that left in the village has been tremendous. Remains his well marked imprint on streets, posadas, fountains, Cathedral and the madrilenisima bullfighting. His feast is celebrated on 15 may in Madrid with a famous pilgrimage. As curiosity can say that formerly was called, in burlesque sense, "muette" to outsiders who traveled to Madrid and who were victims of the jokes of the "Thoroughbred" of a lifetime.