Biography of Emilio Jacinto (1875-1899)

Revolutionary and filipino writer, born in piece (province of Laguna, Luzon) on December 15, 1875 and died in Majayjay (lagoon) on April 16, 1899, known by the nickname of "The brain of the Katipunan", which from the shadows played a work essential for organization of this Philippine independence group.

His father at a very young age, Emilio Jacinto grew amid many hardships but could engage in studies through the efforts of his mother, Josefa Dizón, and economic support of a maternal uncle, José Dizón, who then also form part of the Katipunan. After obtaining the Bachelor of Arts in the prestigious colegio San Juan de Letran in Manila, he/she enrolled in the University of Santo Tomas to study law. Conscious of the injustices of the Spanish colonial rule, without having fulfilled even twenty decided to park the studies joined the Katipunan, whose leader Andrés Bonifacio was preparing a pro-independence rebellion.

Within the secret society Jacinto adopted the name Pinkiang ('flammable') and due to his intelligence and value was immediately appointed Secretary of the society; from this position became the right hand of Bonifacio, dealing with deaf but fundamental as logistics, layout, espionage or propaganda tasks. Among other documents, Jacinto wrote the first regulations and domestic laws of the Katipunan, known by the name of Kartilya; the ritual oath of adherence to the society; or provisions regarding manufacture of ammunition, ammunition and weapons distribution, etc. He/She was also the founder and editor of the newspaper Ang Kalayaan ('freedom'), official organ of the society where he/she signed his articles under the pseudonym of Dimas Ilaw. In the first issue (January 18, 1896) appeared two perhaps most famous articles: Manifesto and my countrymen. Although his literary facet is not well known, wrote some poems of patriotic character among which stands out the homeland (October 1897), inspired by the last goodbye of José Rizal. He/She was also the author of a series of political and social essays (Liwanag at Dilim).

During the war against Spain, Jacinto also demonstrated qualities in the field of battle, starring in the daring rescue attempt of Rizal in Manila Bay. Badly wounded in the leg during a battle in Maimpis (Laguna), the legend has that it was saved to be confused with a spy in the service of Spain. Once proclaimed the independent Republic in Malolos, put their services at the disposal of the new revolutionary regime. (December 1, 1898) was due to his initiative Foundation of the literary University of the Philippines. The outbreak of the Philippine-American war forced him to return to his home province, where he/she organized the resistance against the new invader; However, shortly after he/she died from malaria.