Biography of Max Jacob (1876-1944)

Poet, Narrator and French cartoonist, born in Quimper (Brittany) in 1876 and died in the Drancy concentration camp in 1944. He was a prominent character of the Bohemian literary of century and his work was inspiration for the surrealist authors.

He left his native land and went to Paris, where he got a modest job in a warehouse. Around 1905 he made friendship with Apollinaire, Picasso and the Cubists. Of Jewish origin, he converted to Catholicism and was baptized on February 8, 1915. His friend Picasso acted as Godfather. In 1921 he left Paris and retired near a convent in ruins in Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire, to devote himself to write and draw. He left his place of retreat to begin a series of trips through Italy, Spain, Britain and Paris, and in 1944, he returned to Saint-Germain, where he was captured and entered into a concentration camp.

His work is characterized by a mixture of great humor and mysticism and a singular verbal virtuosity. His first success was awarded with an autobiographical novel Saint Matorel (1911). In that same year he published a collection of Breton songs titled La Côte (the coast), where she revealed her rich poetic vein. His most influential work was Le cornet à dés (dice, 1917 beaker), a series of prose poems about seemingly incidental issues that were inspiration for subsequent authors, especially the Surrealists.

Other books of poetry include: Le laboratoire central (central lab, 1921), hellish Visions (1924) and Les penitents in Jersey rose (1925) where curiously joins his religiosity with a tone of verbal fantasy very close of the Surrealists.

Was also gradually publishing volumes of prose: défense de Tartufe, meditations of a convert Jew; and stories in Le roi de Beotie. Their last pages appeared posthumous entitled poèmes in vers et prose (poems in verse and prose, 1945). Finally, highlight the Meditations religieuses (religious meditations, 1945).