Painter, writer and poet Spanish. He was born in Seville and died in Madrid. Coming from a noble family, she wore the habit of Calatrava and was groom of the Queen Isabel, wife of Felipe IV. For several years he was in Rome soaking up influences italianistas; There he took interest in the fine arts and began painting, becoming an outstanding artist. He composed rhymes, 1618. On the occasion of the beatification of Ignacio de Loyola, in 1610, the Sevillian Jesuits organized a poetic Joust in which had to compose a sonnet whose last verse was: burning in flames dead flame alive, which alludes to a passage from the life of St. Ignatius. Gongora goes to contest with his famous sonnet on dark night, but first prize is for Juan Martínez de Jáuregui, enemy of Quevedo and Góngora, and pupil and protégé of the Jesuit fathers. Wrote: Poetic speech against talking about worship and dark, 1624; Antidote to foul Lonelinesses poetry, 1624; Advocacy of truth, 1625, and Orfeo, 1624, work in which accepted the culteranismo. As a painter did a Venus coming out of the bathroom and a narcissus.