Biography of Jacob Jordaens (1593-1678)

Born in Antwerp in 1593, Flemish painter, city in which remains until his death in 1678. His work is a product of the influence of Rubens, Roman Classicist current, Miguel Ángel and the work of Caravaggio. Do not leave Flanders, what makes you keep a greater connection with traditional patterns. Unlike the pomp and the aristotelism of the works of Rubens and Van Dyck, by a more immediate, expressive and sensual style that develops both the profane themes and religious; devoid of intellectual implications, what makes him closer to the worldly and bourgeois world.

Family portrait. J. Jordaens. Museo del Prado. Madrid.

His best-known production scenes are humorous and cartoonish tone, gender, common in the bourgeois Flemish, and much appreciated by the prudent artists, away from the heroic and the elegant. They use a dense pictorial matter, of bright colors, violently combined, with a defined pattern and stark lighting contrasts. Among his most outstanding works are the peasant with Satyr, King baby, Pan and Syrinx and the sacrifice of Pomona.

Between 1625 and 1630 he/she made works that shows a deepening in the investigations of the value pictorial of light, present in the Sagrada Familia, the martyrdom of Santa Apolonia and the fertility of the land, which has been considered his masterpiece. From 1630 until 1660, his work focuses on the realization of variants on previously used topics, as the King baby, the peasant with satyr or concert family, which delves into the pursuit of realism and popular, and as present an exasperation of Baroque taste. At the same time develops an approach to the works of Rubens, as in Hercules and Dejanira, where color melts and almost blend, losing the strong dibujismo first.

Portrait of a pair of newlyweds (oil on canvas, 1615-20). Museum of fine arts in Boston (Massachusetts, United States).

The four evangelists (oil on canvas, 1625). Museum of the Louvre (Paris, France).