Biography of Príncipe de Dinamarca Jorge (1653-1708)

King consort of England from March 1702 until the date of his death, by his marriage with Anna Stuart. Born in Copenhagen April 2, 1653 and died at Kensington on October 28, 1708.

Youngest son of King Federico III of Denmark and of Sofía Amelia of Brunwich-Lüneburg, named Prince from birth, Jorge spent the first years of his life at the Court of his father, where he/she was educated with care in the company of his brother and heir to the Danish throne Cristian Vfuture. Described by some of his contemporaries as a man of mild-mannered and affectionate nature, since his youth he/she was very interested in the study of science, hobby which grew throughout his life. After the advent of his brother to the throne in the year 1670, Jorge participated actively in the conquest of Pomerania and for some time was a candidate to occupy the throne of Poland, although the negotiations carried out by the Danish Royal House were not successful and had to settle for staying in the shadow of the mentioned monarch.

Years later the life of the Prince of Denmark suffered a major shift, because on the occasion of diplomatic negotiations carried out between England and Denmark, was concerted his marriage with his second cousin, Ana Estuardo. The wedding was held in the Chapel Royal of St. James July 28, 1683, when Jorge was 30 years old and although it cannot be said that there was a deep love between both spouses, most of the researchers argue that this always was solicitous and sympathetic to the wishes of what would become Queen of EnglandIn addition he/she knew how to console her after numerous failed attempts by offspring. It must be borne in mind that while Ana was pregnant at least 18 times in about 16 years, only one of his children came to 11 years, so marriage left no offspring.

Strong supporter of the Lutheran faith despite the major disagreements he/she had with his father-in-law, Jacobo II, in religious matters, given the condition of the English monarch Catholic, initially strongly supported their cause. But in the year 1688 he/she switched sides, apparently following them desires of his wife. Thus Jorge supported the candidacy of his brother-in-law, the also Protestant Guillermo de Orange, future Guillermo III, although on several occasions had been shown to feel little sympathy this. So in order to justify its action on 23 November of the year (1688) Jorge sent a letter to Jacobo II, in which we can observe that even apologize for the decision he/she had taken.

The years of reign of Guillermo III Prince of Denmark lived comfortably in the English Court, since scarcely interested in political affairs delegated any liability to his wife, which took charge of the Regency following the death of María II in 1695, during the periods in which the monarch was absent from England. Sparsely endowed for the Affairs of State, after the death without heirs of the aforementioned Guillermo III nor showed any interest in dealing with the management of the Kingdom, so that at all times they were Ana and his collaborators who were in charge of political affairs. Shortly after the proclamation of his wife as Queen of England, in the year 1702, Jorge was head of the English Royal Navy, after being appointed lord high Admiral, and also the post of Supreme Commander was awarded.

Jorge of Denmark since he/she married Ana Estuardo received the title of Duke of Cumberland, died October 28, 1708, at the age of 55. Considered by many as a man unable to develop responsibility tasks, the Queen Victoria years later it would qualify to Jorge as "stupid and insignificant husband of Queen Anne".


VICENS VIVES, J. modern general history. 15th - 18th. (Barcelona, Vicens Vives, 1997).