Biography of rey de Cachemira Kanishka (s. II)


Ruler of India, belonging to the Kushana (century B.c. to A.d. 319) dynasty. The exact dates of his reign are unknown, although it is the most important Emperor of his dynasty; It happened on the throne to Vima Kadphises and it is possible that he died in A.d. 162 Kanishka extended its territory from the Valley of the Amu Daria (the Oxus of the Romans) today in Uzbekistan, to Afghanistan and the Valley of the River Ganges, in India. His reign was characterized by a deep religious eclecticism, which resulted in the creation of works of art influence Greek, Zoroastrian, shivait and Buddhist, the latter being the official religion of the Empire. Also during the reign of Kanishka took place an event of crucial importance for the Buddhist religion and the configuration of the kushana art: the Buddhist Council of Jalandhapura (Kashmir) in which was set the Mahayana doctrine.

Kanishka was the driving force behind the construction of numerous Buddhist monuments in which, for the first time in history, appeared represented the anthropomorphic image of Buddha; Likewise, the monarch surrounded himself with scholars, artists and poets including the figures of Charaka (your doctor) and the great philosophers Asvagosha and Nagarjuna.

It has retained a statue in sandstone depicting the Emperor Kanishka; This is currently exposed in the Museum of Mathura (India), measuring 1.70 metres and stylistically is much closer to the artistic manifestations of Central Asia than to purely Indian; in it the monarch seems dressed, as it is typical of peoples from the steppes of Central Asia, with boots saddle, baggy trousers and a tunic to his knees that completely covers arms.


KULKE, H., & ROTHERMUND, D. A History of India. (New Delhi: Rupa and Co., 1991).