Biography of Níkos Kazantzakis (1885-1957)

Greek writer, born in Heraclius on February 18, 1885, and died in Freiburg im Breisgau, in 1957. He studied law at Athens, and later went to Paris, where he attended the Sorbonne Bergson courses. He received the most diverse influences: from Nietzsche to D'Annuncio, Buddhism historical materialism. He made numerous trips all over the world. His first works were poetical and philosophical, and at first he alternated his literary activity with political life, which reached high positions: Minister of State, in 1945; and President of the Higher Council of the Greek Socialist Party, in 1946. He spent the end of his life, devoted to literature, in Antibes (France), where he was an in Unesco.

Between his poetic work include: Snake and Lily, in 1906; Odyssey, in 1938, which is a continuation of the Homeric work, in 33,000 verses. As playwright wrote: Nikephoros seals, in 1927; Ulysses, in 1928; Christ, in 1928; Lemon balm, in 1953 and Theseus, in 1953. Among his novels are: Alexis Zorba, in 1946, where he created a character, rogue, cunning and primitive, become a symbol of the Greek spirit; Christ crucified again, in 1954; Liberty or death, in 1954; and the poor man of Assisi, in 1956, where he shows the idea of Christianity; The garden of rocks, in 1954, written in French.