Actor and American dancer born in Pittsburg (Pennsylvania) on August 23, 1912 and died in Beverly Hills (Los Angeles) on February 2, 1996. His real name was Eugene Joseph Curran Kelly.
Of Irish ancestry, he/she studied at the Saint Raphael School and cultivated his training in music and dance in its early years. He/She became interested in the entertainment industry at a young age; together with his brother Fred, he/she directed a school dance in his hometown after the crisis of 1929, until it was able to continue his studies at the University of Pittsburgh, where he/she specialized in art.
He decided to devote himself completely to the dance, and taught at the school of miss Fairgreaves until the success of his teaching encouraged his mother to found its own training center, the Gene Kelly Dance Studio. His first attempts to enter the world of the show only enabled him to continue with his brother Fred and work in different places. After some fleeting contacts, achieved its first contracts on Broadway as a choreographer in several musicals of unequal relevance in the 1930s ("Revue of Revue", "Gene Kelly completo Kiddie completo de vaudeville", "Hold Your Hats", etc.) that you were opening the doors that led him to "The Time of Your Life" (1939) and a big hit with "Pal Joy" (1940).
David o. Selznick opened him the doors of Hollywood, though his career started at Metro Goldwyn Mayer, accompanying Judy Garland in by my girl and my (1942), by Busby Berkeley. The actor worked in films of second order in which had songs and a number of dance without relevance, until it was transferred to the Columbia to intervene in the models (1944), an original musical by Jerome Kerr directed by Stanley Donen. Kelly choreographed numbers in which acting alone could control, and was surprised with the number of dance "Alter Ego", where he/she danced with itself through the trick of a double exposure, number received a very good reception.
Good relationship with Donen made that when he/she returned to the subway will carry with it director. Both collaborated on Levando anchors (1945), another major title by which was nominated for the Oscar for best actor, in which participated also Frank Sinatra. It was the first work in which Kelly underwent their movements as a dancer with wallpaper, cartoon, procedure although it recurred never gave very good results.
His artistic career began to be relevant and to consolidate definitively when, after a brief appearance in the Ziegfield Follies (1946), where Gershwin music danced next to the only rival that could make shadow in those years, Fred Astaire, he/she artistically joined Vincente Minnelli, for which he/she played the pirate (1948), where again to coincide with Judy Garland. Although today is a reference in its style, critics of the time understood that the couple was not at the level of those who had participated in the theatrical version of the same.
Thanks to the trust of the producer Arthur Freed had the opportunity of working in a day in New York (1949), sharing the address with Stanley Donen. This film led to a revitalization of the American musical, for his virtuosity and wise use of the natural scenery. It reached one of its greatest artistic successes with an American in Paris (1951), work which has come to occupy a privileged place in the history of the cinema. With guidance of Minnelli, the film already showed one of the weaknesses of the dancer: his excessive ambition, a desire to impress at any price, which would harm his career. But in this case no one dared to say anything, because the combination of the camera work and the scenery (inspired by Impressionist and Post-Impressionist painting) was so got that criticisms of the self-centeredness of Kelly were for best occasion.
Again next to Stanley Donen, rolled a landmark title, singin' in the rain (1952), a fun story about the transition from the mute the sound and the problems that led to many actors. The combination of comedy, musical and historical Chronicle, turned out delicious and allowed time to respect her despite the intervening years. It was the culmination of work driven by Donen and Kelly as co-directors and Freed as producer. Aside from any comments, technical or artistic production and the work of the actors, the scene of Kelly dancing with puddles of the city as stage and streetlights as dance partners has remained as one of the references that any person, whether or not loving the cinematography, preserves in its retina about what the film and what is its magic; in definiva, one of the timeless icons of this art.
Invitation to the dance (1956), he/she began a new phase in his career. Focused more than anything in the work of direction, but usually his films did not be mediocre (my husband sports, 1958; He/She and her husbands, 1964), although especially highlighted a big-budget musical as it was Hello Dolly (1969), starring Barbra Streisand; in any case, all this movies away you creative line that had become one of the most unusual artists of Hollywood in the forties and fifties.
His career ended in 1980 with Xanadu, a perfectly forgettable work. Shortly before his death could be seen in some commercial, where the memory of his fame was exploited and that meant within a genre and for some generations of viewers.
Hollywood Academy awarded an honorary Oscar to Gene Kelly for his contribution to choreographic art and for his artistic career.
1950: One day in New York (Co-Director). 1952: singin' in the rain (Co-Director). 1955: always in fine weather. 1956: Invitation to the dance (and gruionista). 1957: The Happy Road (and producer). 1958: My husband is sports. 1962: Gigot. 1967: Guide for the married man. 1969: Hello, Dolly! 1970: The club of Cheyenne (and producer). 1976: Hollywood, Hollywood.
As an actor:
1942: For my girl and my. 1943: The cross of Lorraine; Du Barry Was a Lady; Pilot Number Five; Thousands Cheer. 1944: Light in the soul; The models. 1945: Levando anchors (and choreographer). 1946: Ziegfeld Follies. 1947: Live big (and choreographer). 1948: The pirate (and choreographer); The three Musketeers; Words and Music. 1949: The mafia black hand; Take Me Out to the Ball Game (and screenwriter and choreographer); A day in New York. 1950: Repertoire of summer. 1951: An American in Paris (and choreographer). 1952: It´s a Big Country; With the devil we are three; Singin' in the rain (and choreographer); Love Is Better Than Ever. 1954: Brigadoon (and choreographer); The crest of the wave; Deep in My Herat. 1955: Always makes good weather (and choreographer). 1956: Invitation to the dance (choreographer). 1957: The happy road (and producer); The girls. 1958: Morning star 1960: the legacy of the wind; The billionaire. 1964: He/She and her husbands (and choreographer). 1967: Les Demoiselles de Rochefort. 1973: Forty carats. 1974: Once upon a time in Hollywood. 1976: Hollywood, Hollywood. 1977: viva Knievel! 1980: Xanadu.
Other work for television:
1954: Gillette Summer Sports Ree; Ed Sullivan completo Toast of the Town. 1955: The 64,000 Question. 1956: Bus (episode of Dancing Man completo Game; and director); Schlitz Playhouse of Stars (episode The Life You Save). 1962: Going My Way (series). 1965: The Julie Andrews Show. 1967: Jack and the Beanstalk (and director and producer). 1970: Gene Kelly and 30 Girls 30. 1971: The Funny Side (series). 1978: The Stars Salute Israel at 30. 1978: The Mike Douglas Show; Gene Kelly... an American in Pasadena. 1982: The World of Entertainment. 1985: North and South (series). 1986: Sins (series).