Biography of Khaemuaset (ca. 1297-1234 a.C.)

(Kha-m-wast) Fourth son of Rameses II, the 19th Egyptian dynasty, and the second from one of the wives of such a king named Iset-neferet. Designated Crown Prince, known by different documentation (registration of temple Beth el-Wadi; naofora of the Serapeum, the Vienna Museum statue stele), did not govern, given the long reign and advanced age that his father reached. When he was about four years, Khaemuaset was sent on a military expedition to the lower Nubia; However, adult, their attitudes not meshed with the militia, because interests leaned them towards thinking, study, and religion. This prompted you to enter the Temple of Ptah at Memphis, where he gained the confidence of Huy, high priest of the God and which would come to be appointed high priest. Khaemuaset participated very actively in several burials of sacred bulls Apis, in the burial site of the Serapeum, enclosure to which endowed with new galleries. Attracted by antiques and with the approval of his father, Rameses II did restore the funerary texts of inside the pyramids of the 5th and 6th dynasties, as well as the flaws existing in the pyramids of the Kings Djeser (III dynasty), Shepseskaf (dynasty IV), Userkaf, Sahure and Niuserre (V dynasty), among other works of real archaeologist. It also organized from year 30 to 42 of the reign of his father five first such King Royal Jubilees, known by the cave chapels and Assuan Silsileh, in which Khaemuaset is depicted next to Rameses II. Although this Prince heir, who was named vizier of the North, had built a tomb in one of the galleries of the Serapeum, located in 1852 by A. Mariette, however, it is known that it was definitively buried in a tomb of Kafr the Batran, located not far from the great pyramid of Giza. Among the children of Khaemuaset must be cited to a such likewise Prince Rameses and Hori, who joined the clergy of Ptah. The popularity of Khaemuaset led to the birth of a legend, which reached even Roman times, as it is known by two Papyrus containing the wonderful adventures of Satne-Khamuas, high priest of Ptah at Memphis. Khaemuaset died at the age of 63 years, coinciding with the fifty fifth year of the reign of his father. The rights to the throne of Egypt passed to his younger brother, called Merenptah.