Bengali politics, President of the Republic of Bangladesh between 1991 and 1996, born on August 15, 1945 in Nayabasti (Jalpaiguri). His birth name was Khaleda Majumdar.
He began his school career in 1950 in the Mission of Dinajpur and finished high school in the girls school of that city. In 1960, with fifteen years of age, he/she married Captain Ziaur Rahman and three years later, obtained the graduation at Dinajpur Surendranath College, he/she abandoned a promising academic career to serve the family home. Meanwhile her husband climbed positions in the pakistani army and participated in the liberation war of Bangladesh, who gained effective independence of Pakistan in 1972. Political circumstances made him President in 1977. Zia was only a housewife when her husband was killed in a coup attempt on 30 May 1981, after which he/she agreed to participate in the nationalist party of Bangladesh (BJD), of which Rahman had been President.
On January 3, 1982 Zia became main member of the BJD, in 1983 in Vice President and the 10 May 1984 he/she was elected President of the Party unanimously. Then already two years earlier than the general H. M. Ershad had launched a coup and established a dictatorship. In 1987 Zia launched a campaign of protests against Ershad, who also harassed by the Awami League of Bangladesh (BAL) of H. Wajed (in turn daughter of the father of the independence, Mujibur Rahman, whose assassination in a coup in 1975 followed by the conversion of Ziaur Rahman on Prime Minister) had to submit the resignation in December 1990. In the parliamentary elections of February 27, 1991, the first fully free and fair in the history of the country, the BJD scored the victory with 168 seats and 31% of the vote (absolute majority), followed by BAL, who was to be henceforth his most bitter rival. On 19 March following Zia it was sworn as Prime Minister, thus following the footsteps of the Sri Lankan S. Bandaranaike, I. Gandhi india and pakistani B. Bhutto, all maintainer of two political dynasties initiated by their fathers or husbands, a phenomenon with solera in this part of Asia.
The years of Government of Zia were frankly difficult, by not merely personal antagonism with his rival: Zia represented Islamic conservatism, economic liberalism, and the maintenance of Presidential prerogatives and Wajed secular progressivism and the reinforcement of parliamentarism. BAL adopted from the outset a frankly hostile attitude, with the boycott of the Parliament and the demand for resignation of the Prime Minister. The failure of the economic management of Zia, by the neglect of the social impact of the liberal measures, raised a broad protest movement, which BAL and the party of Ershad - then in prison, the Jatiyo, strove in channel against Zia, who in turn relied on the restrictive and pro-pakistani Jamaat-e-Islami.
Zia not attended the demand for early elections and resignation in favor of a provisional Government and on 15 February 1996 took place the elections according to the normal timetable. With a background of violence, boycotts and accusations of fraud, it was reported that the BJD had won 164 of the 165 seats that had been chosen despite massive abstention. BAL called for civil disobedience and demanded the immediate resignation of Zia, who was powerless to contain clashes between supporters and detractors of the major parties, with some dimensions of violence that made fear a civil confrontation on a large scale generalized. Finally, on 30 March Zia agreed to delegate its functions to a provisional Executive chaired by Habibur Rahman and hold new elections for 12 and 19 June. With a much more relaxed atmosphere and a high level of participation, was the winner the BAL of BJD, who won 113 seats. Observers certified that this time the elections had been free and clean. June 23 Wajed formed a coalition Government.
Zia was elected Vice-President for the triennium 1994-1997 at the 7th Summit of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (Casablanca, 13-15 December 1994). He/She holds a degree honor by the Academy of education the University of Humanities in Moscow International.