Biography of Néstor Carlos Kirchner (1950-2010)

Argentine politician born February 25, 1950, in Rio Gallegos (Santa Cruz) and died on 27 October 2010, El Calafate (Santa Cruz). He/She served as Governor of the province of Santa Cruz for three consecutive terms (1991-2003), and on 25 March 2003 was inaugurated President of the Republic. On December 10, 2007 he/she was succeeded in office by his wife, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.

Graduated in law by the National University of La Plata in 1976, Kirchner campaigned since his youth in the ranks of the Peronist movement, and developed his career professional linked to public life. He/She was President of the Caja de previsión Social in the first years of the Decade of the eighties and between 1987 and 1991 he/she was Mayor of Rio Gallegos, his hometown. On March 9, 1975, he/she married with Cristina Fernández, colleague received in the same House of studies in the year 1979, union that their maximum children were born in the year 1977, and Florence in 1990.

The 1991 elections became him Governor of the province of Santa Cruz, an executive responsibility that reissued after the elections of 1995 and 1999, while in the ranks of peronism he/she occupied the position of Secretary of the National Council of action policy and, since 1993, President of the Provincial Council of the Peronist party. In 1996 he/she founded the current Peronist; new internal faction of the PJ.

Few months before the end of his management at the front of the province of Santa Cruz, Kirchner announced his intention to participate in the internal elections of the party should nominate the Peronist candidate in the face of the presidential elections, scheduled for the spring of 2003. However, the internal disagreements became more than apparent, and, for the first time in the history of the Peronist party, the Peronists came to the polls fragmented in support of three different applications: that of the Governor of Santa Cruz, Néstor Kirchner, former short-lived President Adolfo Rodríguez Saá and Carlos Menem. At this point of departure, Kirchner had explicit support from outgoing President Eduardo Duhalde, declared Menem political enemy.

The first round of Argentine presidential elections, held on 27 April 2003, confirmed the forecasts and placed the candidacies of Menem and Kirchner at the head of the results; circumstance that located both Peronist leaders played the head of State in second round. The former President focused voters 24 and Santa Cruz Governor 22.

All surveys were then as favorite to Kirchner and ventured a hefty defeat of Menem in the second appointment with the ballot box. It took not to circulate rumors about the intention of the former President to leave the election campaign, and finally the 14 May 2003, four days before the election, Menem announced the withdrawal of his candidacy. Néstor Kirchner, his gesture, greeted with surprise by their followers and with indignation by detractors, became newly elected President of the Republic.

The new head of State was sworn in office on 25 May 2003 and announced, in his inaugural speech, a relentless struggle against corruption and impunity. In this direction, his first political actions were aimed to reform the military and judicial power domes. Within a few months of his inauguration, promoted the annulment of the impunity laws, issued in 1986 and 1987 (calls of due obedience and Punto Final) which had prevented processing about 2,000 soldiers accused of abductions, torture, killings and disappearances between 1976 and 1986. After the cancellation, the Senate blocked the extraditions and closed the possibility of trials abroad since the criminals of the dictatorship could already be tried in Argentina. In 2006, many soldiers and police officers were tried in the country.

Socio-economic management that began to move promising results to outcomes for the country and a few quite favorable popularity ratings, with an opposition of the Radical Party in the waning hours, President had in the ranks of Peronism divided his major detractors. The task of reconciliation would be guessed arduous, even more so after the legislative elections of October 2005 in which Argentines granted its majority support to the front for victory (FPV) President, at the expense of the governing Peronist party, controlled by Duhalde, representing a solid boost to Kirchner to face re-election aspirations to the presidential elections of 2007.

The economy of Argentina was gradually re-emerging from the ashes, after the tremendous devaluation of the peso against the dollar, and the semi illegal retention of savings banks (a system which was known as "the yard"), performed by Duhalde, in which entrepreneurs and population as a whole were affected. Again, after the collapse of 2001, was recorded an impressive growth of Finance (at a rate of 8 yearly), since Kirchner took its mandate. In March 2005, Kirchner announced that argentina's debt with some of its creditors had been repaid; in January 2006, Argentina paid the IMF debt multimillion-dollar, through an exchange of debt, dramatic gesture, but that not many economists believe that you reported benefits.

The future of his Government, despite the good financial results, did not take place smoothly: in July 2004 had to relieve his position to the Minister of justice by the failure in the implemented policy on the issue of security, since the crime rate amounted. In November 2005 the President also saw himself compelled to replace the Minister of economy, Roberto Lavagna, the former President of Banco Nacion, Felisa Miceli, disciple, since the experienced official, who had already served with Duhalde, and before Alfonsin, had censored the high cost of public works. The Minister resigned in 2007, when questioned by the prosecution for the origin of suitcases full of money.

At the external level, in 2005 met details of corruption by the payment of a surcharge 175 to the Swedish company Skanska, why the same executives were processed. In 2006 was an international conflict with Uruguay, as a result of the installation of a treatment plant cellulose in the neighboring country, in which the King Juan Carlos of Spainintervened as a mediator.

In June 2007, the President announced that he/she would not pursue his candidacy, and that instead, his wife Cristina Fernández would do so. Kirchner retained for other functions of President of the Peronist party (PJ), who managed to recover after a ceremony with incidents with trade unionists, at North Park. His wife won the presidential election of October 2007 and became the first elected President of Argentina. At the legislative elections of June 28, 2009, Kirchner was presented to head of training Peronist front for victory list for national Deputy for the province of Buenos Aires; However, after the defeat of his training (only achieved the 32.1 votes) he/she resigned from the Presidency of the party, who resumed on March 10, 2010, one month after having been operated on because of a condition in the carotid artery. On May 4, 2010 he/she was appointed Secretary general of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR).

October 27, 2010 he/she died at age 60 in his family home in the city of El Calafate, where he/she was in the company of his wife to be registered, caused by a cardiac arrest that led to the "sudden death". His mortal remains were moved to Buenos Aires, to receive the honors of a head of State in the Casa Rosada, seat of the Government.