Biography of Viktor Klima (1947-VVVV)

Austrian politician, President of the social democratic party Austrian (SPÖ) and Chancellor from 1997 to 1999, was born in Vienna on June 4, 1947, in a family of teachers in the town of Schwechat, next to the capital of the Alpine Republic.

In his hometown he attended high school and later studied in computer science applied to the economy and to the company. Between 1969 and 1992 he worked in the State Consortium petrochemical Austrian OEMV, where played, among others, the functions of director of the Organization of the group, personnel director and member of the Board of Directors. In April 1991, its responsibilities within the State group were extended to the chemical sector and participated in the structural reforms undertaken in the improvement of the results.

On April 3, 1992 he was unexpectedly appointed Minister of transport and industry, replacing Rudolf Streicher, in which he remained until early 1996, and from which proceeded to the signing of the agreement of Alpine transit with the European Union (EU). Also intervened as such in the Austrian railways basically deficit and eliminated a series of privileges of the railway's new hiring. Bet, in addition, the partial privatization of the public sector and appointed at the head of various State-owned enterprises to a series of executives who got to clean them up quickly, to the point that many of them, such as the Voest-Stahl, of the steel sector, managed to get benefits after continuous years of losses.

Viktor Klima, militant of the Austrian Democratic Party (SPÖ), began to emphasize politically in 1995, when in December's legislative elections was able to confront the populist Jörg Haider, leader of the Liberal Party. On January 2, 1996 he joined transport portfolio the Treasury in the coalition Government headed by Frank Vranitzky.

With a reputation of good negotiator and not shy away from the problems, Klima, who remained at the head of Austrian finances until January 18, 1997, showed his negotiating expertise in the privatization of the Creditanstalt, the country's second Bank, and whose public participation was sold to the first financial institution, Bank Austria. He also managed to bring the negotiations with the Popular Party (ÖVP), minority partner in the coalition Government with the Social Democrats, in a budget with significant cost-saving measures in which his predecessor had failed in the Ministry of finance, Andreas Staribacher. Also, in the last months of his term as Minister of finance was responsible for driving a complicated and skilful interpretation of macroeconomic data from the country to adapt to the challenge of the economic and Monetary Union, EMU.

Considered by many as the only one capable of braking to the ultraliberal Jörg Haider, on January 18, 1997 he was appointed Austrian federal Chancellor, replacing their coreligionist Franz Vranitzky since this announced his resignation at the head of the Executive and its permanent abandonment of the policy. Shortly after assuming the leadership of the Government, Klima was elected, on April 9, 1997, President of the social-democratic Austrian party, SPÖ, with 90.2 percent of the votes of those attending the Congress in Linz, capital of the high Austria.

Klima, who rejected an eventual Alliance with the Liberal Party of Haider, at the inauguration of this post took 1 July 1998 and until December 31 of that year the position of President of the Council of the EU, to reciprocate by Austria turn, and for the first time, the Presidency of the Union. From this position, Klima focused their interest in adopting employment guidelines, promote the enlargement of the European Union and expand the objectives of Agenda 2000. An advocate of a referendum to decide on the entry of the neutral Austria in NATO, Klima in 1999 proposed a moratorium on this subject.

After the elections of October 3, 1999, the social-democratic party, for the first time in 30 years, lost power to the rise of the Liberal FPÖ of Haider, who was the second most voted force. So still Austrian Chancellor Klima reported on 27 January in the year 2000 to the President of the country, Thomas Klestil, of the impossibility of forming a social democratic Cabinet in minority, and was thus the need to renounce his mandate. After this catastrophic result, the worst in the party since the end of World War II in 1945, announced his resignation as leader of the Social Democrats on February 17, 2000.

That measure has guaranteed him entry in the history of Austria, not only because it was the first head of Government in this country to resign, but also because this has led to the rise to the Government's Liberal Party (FPÖ) of the nationalist Jörg Haider, allied with the Popular Party (ÖVP), of Wolfgang Schüssel, this last elected new federal Chancellor of the Republic.