Biography of Zoltán Kodály (1882-1967)

Zoltán Kodály.

Composer, pedagogue, musicologist and folklorist Hungarian. In Budapest was a disciple of Koessler at the Franz Liszt Academy, while he/she was studying at the Faculty of letters. In 1905 he/she began its surveys by Hungarian rural areas in search of the most ancient traditions of country music, research that Béla Bartók was added in 1906. This year he/she made a trip to Berlin and Paris, where he/she studied with Widor at the Conservatory. He/She discovered the music of Debussy and composed a motif of cl. Debussy sur Meditation. From 1907 to 1940, was Professor of the Franz Liszt Academy. The works composed during this time provided him international fame since 1920, when the Vienna Universal House acquired the rights to edit. The first of his masterpieces is Psalmus hungaricus (1923), carried out for the 50th anniversary of Budapest, followed by titles such as Háry János (1925-1927) and the siculian spinners (1932) evening theatrical works and vocal works Te Deum (1936) and Missa brevis (1944). From 1925 he/she wrote mainly works a cappella folk melodies or melodies original illustrating biblical texts or classical and modern Hungarian poetry. Kodály is considered one of the most important composers for choir of the 20th century.

In 1940 he/she replaced Bartók at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences to develop the scientific publication of Hungarian folk music. The first volume of this work, Corpus Musicae Popularis, was published in 1951. He/She was awarded three times with the prize Kossouth, invested doctor honoris causa by Kolovsvar, Budapest and Oxford universities, appointed Chairman of direction of the school of higher studies of music Franz Liszt and President of the International Folk Music Council.

Links on the Internet. ; Page of the society SLKE (Liszt-Kodály society in Spain) where you can find information of those two composers in Spanish.