Biography of Stanley Kramer (1913-2001)

American filmmaker born in New York on September 29, 1913 and died on February 19, 2001 in Los Angeles.

Life

After finishing his studies at New York University, he decided to tip over in the world of cinema, where he began as a film editor and screenwriter. The second World War allowed him to develop several projects on the training of the army. Production began to attract him especially in the early 1940s, working as a partner with other companies, until in 1947 decided to found the producer Screen Plays Corporation Inc., the firm that gave way two years later to Stanley Kramer Productions - in association with Sam Katz - that associated with later films such as single face of danger (1952) and death of a salesman (1951).

He chose the novel by Morton Thomson to direct his first title, you won't be a stranger (1955), and Robert Mitchum and Frank Sinatra to star in it. With fugitives (1958) Kramer began to define his interest in stories that had to do with prejudice and injustice - other significant titles in this line were guess who's coming to dinner tonight? (1967) or winners or losers (1961) - and with this first attempt was award-winning photography of Sam Leavitt and the script coescribieron Nedrick Young and Harold Jacob Smith. Kramer here addressed racism through the metaphor of convicts, a white man and one black, escaped and chained to the other, which interpret Tony Curtis and Sidney Poitier. The final hour (1959) puts the crew of a submarine at the edge of the Apocalypse in a futuristic, depressing, story with a cast headed by Gregory Peck, Ava Gardner and Fred Astaire.

In 1960, Kramer directed Inherit the Wind, retaking prohibition - in 1925 - teach the theory of evolution, and the famous argumentative and legal battle that waged two lawyers at the trial a teacher that they had jumped the law. Again focuses on a trial and again goes to the historic victors or vanquished fact (1961). This time it opts for an epic treatment of the crimes committed by the Third Reich during World War II. The climax is the first trick of this story, which takes advantage of the wit of legal films. The second trick is the cast, Montgomery Clift , Marlene Dietrich, Maximilian Schell, Judy Garland and Burt Lancasterformed part of a type of blockbuster who invested his effort in the footage and the star meeting.

For his next project he decided to radically change from third. The world is crazy, crazy, crazy (1963), successfully introduced comedy in the Filmography of Kramer. The film, starring Spencer Tracy and Sid Caesar, won the Oscar to the best sound effects, in addition to five nominations including best film was that of. The ship of fools (1965) went down in history as the last film by Vivien Leigh, who died two years later. Despite being a curious blend of ingredients, including the television treatment of history and prejudice against Jews, and Spaniards without neglecting the romantic subplots, the movie ran. Based on the novel by Katherine Anne Porter, earned eight nominations to the Oscar of which two became Prize: photography and art direction.

Two years later he returned to collect presence in memory with a title posed by racism in an intimate, introspective story, and with a clever treatment of the moral evolution of the characters. The screenplay for guess who's coming to dinner tonight? He was rewarded, and Katherine Hepburn won the Oscar for best actress. Two years later, Kramer was introduced again in the comedy with the secret of Santa Victoria (1969), possibly one of the best works of Anthony Quinn. The plot is anecdotal, but gradually becomes an interesting political discourse, not by ideology, but by comic explain how politics works. The music and the Assembly were nominated for Academy Awards.

During the 1970s, the interest of the public and the critics by Kramer films was declining. The script for Erich Segal for rpm revolutions per minute (1970) not gelled and his next film, Bless the Beasts and Children (1971), which was also an anecdotal history and local, only got a nomination for music. Oklahoma, year 10 (1973), with George C. Scott. and Faye Dunaway at the head of the cast, choose a mix of drama and comedy to develop a history of hatred, love, ambition and mischief around the time of the "boom" of oil in Oklahoma. On this occasion, Kramer decided to make a concession to the narration and abandoned his usual message to go directly to the heart of the story. But failed to overcome the version which in 1940 had protagonizado Spencer Tracy (Interestingly one of the favorite actors of Kramer), Clark Gableand Hedy Lamarr.

After work for television, which also produced, Kramer returned to the cinema with presidio to first page (1977). Gene Hackman gave life to a prisoner sentenced to death is released in Exchange for murdering someone in a Latin American country. The plot sought to convey a message (as tends to be the intention of Kramer), but never came to an end, because many questions remain unanswered. The film became a confusing thriller that did not help the career of Kramer. With his last film, beyond love (1979), embarked on the adaptation of a work of Broadway, which in turn broke a murder real occurred in 1927, involving a priest in the death of a nun.

Filmography

As film director:(Kramer is producer of almost all of his films) 1955: you won't be a stranger. 1957: Pride and passion. 1958: Fugitives. 1959: The final hour. 1960: Inherit the Wind. 1961: Victors or vanquished. 1963: The world is crazy, loco, loco.1965: the ship of fools. 1967: guess who's coming to dinner tonight? 1969: The secret of Santa Victoria. 1970: RPM revolutions per minuto.1971: Bless the Beasts and Children. 1973: Oklahoma, year 10. 1977: Presidio to first page. 1979: Apart from love.

As a producer: 1942: The Moon and Sixpence. 1948: So this is New York. 1949: Home of the brave; Champion. 1950: Cyrano de Bergerac; Men. 1951: Death of a salesman. 1952: The Sniper; The Member of the Wedding; The Happy Time; My Six convicts; Only to the danger; The Four Poster; Eight iron men. 1953: The 5000 fingers of Dr. T.; Forgotten men. 1954: Wild!; The Caine Mutiny. 1962: the key to the question; Angels without paraiso.1964: invitation to a gunfighter.

As an actor: 1968: Journey into Self

Works for television: 1968: Sophia (actor). 1975: The Court Martial of Lt. William Calley (Director and producer).