Biography of Edino Krieger (1928-VVVV)

Brazilian composer, director and music critic, Brusque (Santa Catarina)-born on March 17, 1928.

Started on the musical formation next to his father, at the age of 15 he/she entered to study violin at the Brazilian Conservatory of music of Rio de Janeiro with Edith Reis, and composition with Hans-Joachim Koellreutter; to instances of this, he/she joined the Group Musica Viva. In 1948, he/she won a scholarship to study with Aaron Copland at the Berkshire Music Center in Tanglewood (United States), and Peter Mennin at the Juilliard School in New York. Back to his country, he/she served as promoter of music on the Radio MEC in Rio de Janeiro, and as a critic of music in the newspaper Tribuna da Imprensa. He/She also participated in the Foundation of the National Symphony Orchestra. In 1952 he/she studied with Ernst Krenek at the international summer course of Teresópolis (Brazil), and in 1955 received a grant from the British Council which allowed him to study at the Royal Academy of music in London (1955). During the 1960's he/she earned several awards at international festivals.

Back in Brazil, Krieger was elected President of the Brazilian society of contemporary music. In 1975 he/she created the Brazilian contemporary music Bienal in Rio de Janeiro and from 1981 to 1989 he/she directed the National Institute of music of the Funarte. In 1994 he/she was appointed member of the Brazilian Academy of music, which was also appointed President; Krieger was also chosen to disseminate Catalan culture in Barcelona (Spain), and as State Councillor of culture of Rio de Janeiro.

His style as a composer falls, at the beginning, within the line of late romanticism and impressionism. After a brief twelve-tone period (1947-53), he/she returned to neoclassicism, with national peculiarities. His works have been performed regularly by Brazilian orchestras, but also by foreign, like Philadelphia, the Radiodiffusion Television Belge and the Bayerischen Rundfunk in Munich, among others.

Some of his major works for Orchestra are: misto Movimento, Choro for flute and string ensemble, Suite for string ensemble, Divertimento for string ensemble, Brasiliana, Ludus Symphonicus, Canticum Naturalis, L'estro Armonico, Sonancias III, three images of Nova Friburgo, Concerto for dois violões e orquestra de cordas and Terra Brasilis. Regarding Chamber Music compositions include: slow freckle, Quarteto de Cordas 1, Serenade No. five, sound fabrics and Embalos. Also notable are his works for piano five epigrams, Sonata No. 1, Sonata No. 2 and Sonatina; in vocal music, should be noted Melopeia five, three Canções de Nicolas Guillén, Passacalha and Te Deum puerorum Brasiliae, this last composed in 1997 on the occasion of the visit of the Pope Juan Pablo II.

Throughout his career, Krieger has won several awards, including first place in the first national contest of composition (1959); the prize "Golfinho de Ouro" the best composer, in 1969 and 1988; and the National Music Prize awarded by the Ministry of culture of Brazil, in 1994. In addition, has been honored with several awards, including the entrustment of the Cultural order of Ministry of culture and fine arts of Poland (1985), the medal to the merit Cultural Anita Garibaldi (1986) and the Medal of merit Cultural Cruz e Souza, conferred by the State Council of culture of Santa Catarina (1997). In 1998 he/she was awarded the Pedro Ernesto Medal, the highest honor awarded by the city of Rio de Janeiro to personalities of the cultural field.

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