Biography of Stanley Kubrick (1928-1999)

Stanley Kubrick.

Director and us screenwriter, born in New York on July 26, 1928 and died in Hertforshire (England) on 7 March 1999.

Life

Born in a family of Central European origin (half-Romanian, half-Austro-Hungarian), his father, physician, would exert a great influence on his son. At the age of twelve his father fond of you play chess, and Stanley stands out as a consummate player (many people attribute to this passion for chess the meticulous and thoughtful character that has evolved throughout his life); later, you receive a film camera of small format with which the future director will discover his passion for cinema.

Despite their intelligence was a very mediocre student who only came to Excel in subjects related to physics. It was pictures of their teachers and one of them, got you a job as a photographer for Life magazine. Completed his studies at Taft High School, at the age of seventeen, he started to work for the magazine Look, and travels across the country. One of their pictures of cover which showed made an old and sad seller magazines some of the most famous photographers of the moment.

In 1951 wheel her first short film. It's Days of the Fight, that narrates the life of a boxer in a day. He managed to show publicly, which filled him satisfaction. In 1952 wheel Flying father, film that is about a priest who flies in a plane of parish in parish, who did not report you gain some, but ended up you define its vocation for cinema. With the money that has saved, more a loan of $10,000 wheel an independent film, Fear and Desire (1953), where he does everything: assemble, address, photograph, etc. In the same way performs the kiss of the murderer (1955), a film of police issue.

Their first surveys arrive you with perfect robbery (1956), a detective film which many consider overly ambitious and bombastic, but that for others is the discovery of someone with a very special conception of the cinema. He was forced by censorship to change the ending thought, because somehow you had to avoid that criminals will come out with it and comply fully its purposes.

A year later, rueda Senderos of glory (1957), a film of great formal beauty and a strong antimilitarist allegation, set in World War II, which can roll thanks to the collaboration provided by Kirk Douglas, star of the tape. In some sectors of public opinion Kubrick began to be regarded with suspicion by the type of film making, while in others begins to be seen as someone out of the ordinary.

In 1960 they wheel Spartacus, again with Kirk Douglas as the protagonist. Its specific weight makes that the director who was entrusted with the film, Anthony Mann, be removed so take care of it Kubrick. It is a historical film about the life of the famous slave and Gladiator. The script is Dalton Trumbo, a screenwriter and director, who was chased by the UN-American activities Committee, created after the second world war, in the United States. That is why for years he was forced to sign with pseudonym. The film has an important content Marxist, which was not captured in the West, but in the Soviet Union, where the film was banned because the censorship of that country considered that you could not afford a very Marxist film to be made in Hollywood.

Frame of Spartacus.

His next work was Lolita (1962), literary adaptation of the famous novel by Vladimir Nabokov. The work is the passion for a young woman in whose house lives a mature teacher and how this relationship ends in tragedy. The work is equipped with all the literary ingredients to be what it was, a novel of one of the most significant authors of the 20th century. The bold personality of Kubrick it was logical that he felt attracted to her, but although the erotic theme made it attractive, the film version did not at the height of the literary original. While James Mason was correct in his role as teacher, Sue Lyon, even if chupase suggestive lollipop candy, it was not displayed at the precise height. On the other hand, though not one could argue its beauty, it was greater than what their role requires.

The following year became it Kubrick dedicated to the implementation of red phone? We flew to Moscow (1963). Shot in the cold war, was a burlesque, but also critical farce Atomic danger, politics and the people who make it possible: political professionals, military and even ordinary people. Although its contemplation encouraged to smile and some sequences, such as the release of the bomb, are memorable, it contained a bitter grounds that prevailed throughout all the projection. The film served as Peter Sellers, British actor who would become famous as the inspector Clouseau of the Pink Panther films, making three different roles in the same.

Coinciding with the years of the famous revolution of the students at Paris, May 1968, the cinema world attends the premiere of one of the most important and at the same time most enigmatic in its history movies. It is 2001: an Odyssey in space (1968). Kubrick surpassed itself in this work. It is cinema, in fact, but is also be a philosophical reflection on human beings of the world and of the decline of a whole series of body models and which have served the man of relating throughout its existence. But although the power of his images and the Mise en scene were bright over not being able to, the end result was somewhat cryptic, strange for a majority of spectators. They were dazzled, but without penetrating the background of history. During more than two hours of projection, it had just twenty minutes of dialogue. The music of Strauss ("Thus spoke Zarathustra" or "The Blue Danube") did not show the atmosphere of decadence that Kubrick intended to reflect. On the other hand, all the feeling of weightlessness, float that you provided over the images, were the reflection of a revolution which, rather awkwardly, made of drugs (in those years the famous LSD) a position taking. Based on a novel by engineer Arthur g. Clarke, this film is, with everything that is you can criticize, a real milestone in the forging of the personality of its director and contemporary cinema.

During the years seventy and eighty Kubrick will roll with less intensity than it has been doing, but his cinema will continue to always being welcomed with great expectations. In the seventy wheel two films: a Clockwork Orange (1971) and Barry Lyndon (1975). The first, inspired by a novel by Anthony Burgess, is a brutal story about a band of hooligans London and methods of regeneration of society. With an exceptional band (with fragments of Purcell and Beethoven) and a mise en scene that at times it is dazzling, it has moments of irregularity, but it was an iconic film for an entire generation. In it appeared a young actor who then did not confirm all the hopes in it, but in the hands of Kubrick was brilliant: Malcolm McDowell.

For his part, Barry Lyndon was a film of an aesthetic out of the ordinary, inspired by the novel "Vanity Fair" and the 18th English painting, photographer John Alcott's contribution was decisive to obtain images which, on occasions, were obtained using only candle light. Starring Ryan O´Neal, also had a Marisa Berenson in the splendour of its beauty.

We had to wait some years for Kubrick was located again in the center of attention around the world. In the shining (1980) delves a history of madness and terror, which was received in conflicting ways, which served to confirm to Jack Nicholson as one of the players most histrionic, but also most important film that is currently.

After several years maturing his next work, Kubrick goes with full metal jacket (1987) in the preparation of United States marines and their intervention in the Viet Nam war. A spectacular and acid tape at the same time, will be revalued with the passage of time.

With more than 60 years, Stanley Kubrick ends Eyes Wide Shut (1999), starring Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman, film that focuses on the story of two psychiatrists and his sexual obsessions. However, perfectionism of Kubrick - which was never satisfied with the first Assembly of the film - excessively lengthened its completion. Its long gestation has become a movie full of unknowns.

In 2007, the family of the artist donated to the University of the Arts London file with thousands of documents, scripts, files, drawings and models not employed in the production of his films, which include a life of Napoleon and a film project about the Holocaust based on a book by Louis Begley, lies in times of war.

Kubrick was married three times: first with Tobe Metz at eighteen; then, with the dancer Ruth Sobotka and, finally, Christiane Herlan, the girl who sings in a cantina at the end of Senderos of glory. The director possessed the title of amateur pilot but, paradoxically, had a pathological fear of flying and speed (in fact, never left his car to pass of 60 kilometers per hour). Despite his sullen character and its unkempt appearance, was considered a great gourmet. It is, without doubt, one of the most important figures in the history of cinema.

Filmography

Cortometraje:1951: Day of the fight. 1952: Flying father. 1953: The seafarers.

Largometraje:1953: Fear and desire (and producer, argument, photography and installation). 1955: the kiss of a killer (and producer, argument, script, photography and installation). 1956: perfect robbery (and co-producer, argument and coguion). 1957: Senderos of glory. 1960: Spartacus. 1962: Lolita (and coguion). 1963: red phone? We flew to Moscow (producer and coguion). 1968: 2001: an Odyssey of the space (and producer and coguion). 1971: a Clockwork Orange (and producer and screenplay). 1975: Barry Lyndon (producer and screenplay). 1980: glow (producer and conguion). 1987: full metal jacket (producer and coguion). 1999: Eyes Wide Shut (producer and script).

Bibliography

BERNARDI, Sandro. Kubrick e il cinema eats art visible. (Parma: Pratiche Editrice, 1990).

BRUNETTA, Gian Piero (Edit.). Stanley Kubrick. Tempo, spazio, storia e mondi possibili. (Parma: Pratiche Editrice, 1985).

CIMENT, Michel. Kubrick. (Paris: Calmann-Levy, 1988), (2nd ed..)

GHEZZI, E... Stanley Kubrick. (Firenze: Nuova Italy, 1977).

KAGAN, Norman. Stanley Kubrick. (Barcelona: Lumen, 1976).

POLO, J.C. Stanley Kubrick. (Madrid: Ediciones JC, 1986).

RIAMBAU, Esteve. Stanley Kubrick. (Madrid: Cátedra, 1990).

WALKER, Alexander. Stanley Kubrick directs. (Madrid: Ediciones JC, 1975).