Biography of Emir Kusturica (1955-VVVV)

Bosnian filmmaker born on November 24, 1955 in Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina).

Cinema as a medium of expression for Kusturica born from historical circumstances that occur in the country where he was born, but it serves as instrument, an instrument that already existed. His films had already won awards at the Institute, which would encourage you to enrol at the Prague film school (FAMU), being a pupil of Otakar Vavra, and in which, in its third year of studies, would roll Guernica (1978), a short film that gave him the first prize awarded to films for students at the Karlovy Vary festival.

A year later he started to work for Sarajevo television. There he learns that this medium will not as freely as the film. His first television performance, Nevjeste dolaze (1978), is rejected because it contains in its thematic sexual taboos. The next, Bife Titanik (1979), based on a story by Nobel Laureate Ivo Andric, would redeem him, but Kusturica had already decided to change your means.

His first two titles for the film are do you remember Dolly Bell? (1981) and Dad's business trip (1985), in which already goes without modesty in the subject you are interested in, the former Yugoslavia and their circumstances, that serves the second of his land in the first to make a social critique, a complaint to the permissiveness with which grows the world of petty criminals, and as a metaphorrisky and bluntly, depicting the historical events from the rupture of Tito with Stalin, through a family whose father has been arrested for publishing a cartoon unfortunate. Both were awarded, with the award of the criticism of the Festival international de São Paulo, and the Golden Palm to the Cannes Festival, respectively.

In 1989, Kusturica decides to opt for the Gypsy ethnic group and composed one of the most comprehensive and delivered upon this people portraits. Time of the Gypsies already adventure some constants of the Kusturica film: the magic, the unknown actors, the touch surreal and, above all, that used as a backdrop to Yugoslavia and the underworld of crime again. His films, definitely, is not for the masses. Time of the Gypsies, which earned him the award for best screenplay at Cannes, is filmed in a 90% in romani. Even it will be a massive cinema when rolling his first film of English-speaking, the dream of Arizona (1992) - bear of silver and special jury prize at the Festival of Berlin, a revived Franco-American co-production that met Johnny Depp, Jerry Lewis and Faye Dunaway in a script that a listener had offered him as he gave a Conference at Columbia University.

Far from using this title into a broader market, Kusturica was limited to bring his vision of America as the last place where impossible dreams can be achieved. In his next title, returned strongly to the theme that has always been committed. Underground - Palme d'Or at Cannes - is an allegorical, anti-war, black comedy that tells the story of a group of people living underground weapons for a war that someone makes them think endless, but is actually a succession of different wars. the image, in short, a Yugoslavia doomed to disintegration from the same end of the second world war.

It was impossible, however, that Kusturica composed this view objectively, and from the Festival de Cannes to the Belgrade raised both emotions and blisters. Not in vain Kusturica it has in his personal anecdotes with a challenge to duel to the leader of the ultra-nationalist movement, Vojislav Seslj, and a fight that ended in a Ko for the leader of the new movement right-wing Serb, Nebojsa Pajkic. After black cat, white cat (1998), a comedy of Franco-German production filmed in Serbo-Croatian language, embarked in the direction of Super 8 Stories, a documentary filmed in super 8 and digital camera.

We can say that there is a certain complacency in reward filmmakers from the East, partly motivated in the historical and social vicissitudes to which their countries are subject, and the vision of the world that shed through their films at international festivals. Emir Kusturica is no exception. Berlin, Cannes or Sao Paulo have rewarded their position before the world, which is none other than the need for adaptation of a man Yugoslav born and suddenly Bosnian, wakes up because his country no longer exists.

Filmography

As director: 1978: Nevjeste dolaze (TV). 1979: Bife Titanik (TV and screenplay). 1981: do you remember Dolly Bell? 1985: Dad's business trip. 1989: The time of the Gypsies (and screenplay). 1993: Arizona dream. 1995: Underground (and screenwriter and actor). 1998: black cat, cat blanco.2001: Super 8 Stories.2004: life is a miracle.

As guionista:1987: Zivot radnika; Strategija svrake.

As an actor: 1982: 13 Jul. (cameo). 1999: the widow of Saint-Pierre.

CME