Biography of King of la taifa de Tortosa Labib (¿-1038)

King of the taifa of Tortosa born date unknown and died in 1038. He/She ruled from 1009 until his death. Of Slavic origin was the first to declare independent in the Levant area.

Old fata ('general') of Almanzor, participated in the actions that the warlord undertook against the Christian kingdoms of the North of the Iberian peninsula. These military operations allowed him to maintain a privileged position, not only for his position, but for loot deals that were made at the end of each war.

Labib was declared independent taking advantage of tremendous unrest which occurred in Slavs and Berbers arrived the Caliphate in 1009 of one of the great-grandchildren of Abd al-Rahman III, who came to power with the name of Muhammad II al-Madhi; This, unable to consolidate his power, worsened the situation of inherently unstable, since his performances made most evident differences between Berbers and Slavs and Arabs. The terrible persecution that took place led to the massive departure of Slavs to the East of peninsular, above all of the generals who had been in the service of Almanzor.

According to the Chronicles, didn't cost it much to Labib reach power, although at the beginning of his reign, in 1009, was distressed by the attack of the King of the taifa of Zaragoza, Mundir I managed to expel him from their domains. Immediately after his exile, he/she requested the help of the Slavic leaders of the neighbouring Kingdom of Valencia, who came to their support and that it was restored in power, approximately at 1010. Solidarity among the Slavic leaders was in general very large, since in addition to sharing a common past and the difficulties to stay in power at a time of great political instability, they lacked the ties of marriage with populations on which exerted their dominance. Lacking in general of a military power strong, as only way to legitimize themselves had to cling to a theoretical law, based on past recent of the Caliphate. It was frequent, these leaders recognize immediately to the new Caliphs that were installed in the Government of Cordoba who belonged to the Umayyad family or descendants of Almanzor.Una time recovered his Kingdom Labib settled back in power in indisputable way. Counted with new braces on the inside of Tortosa and the collaboration of the amiries installed at the border, this resulted in an increase of the defensive capacity of the Kingdom and allowed to have better chances to mobilize material and human resources, in case you need them in future confrontations with Al-Mundhir I of Zaragoza.

Good relations maintained with the taifa of Valencia at the beginning of his reign were very important for the future of Labib. Valencia had remained faithful to the central power until the death of Hisham II, moment in which passed into the hands of Mujaahid. Against him, two slaves, possibly black, called Mubarak and Muzzaffar stood up, both were responsible for the administration of the irrigation systems of the Kingdom and came to elevate to the Government towards 1010-1011. Death in 1016-1017, it seems that the Valencians decided to offer power to Labib, who joining Mujaahid, accepted responsibility. Once in power, they started the friction with the population since he/she acted like his two predecessors, exerted a very high tax burden, and ruled authoritatively. The situation was becoming increasingly dangerous and the protests became a popular uprising. Unable to control the course of events, Labib asked the Lord of Barcelona, which outraged even more to his subjects, which appealed to the King of the taifa of Lleida, Ibn Hud to topple him from power. In 1021 Labib returned to his Kingdom, already without any power over Valencia, at that time also cut its relations with Mujaahid, with what the King of Tortosa lost an important ally.

Again in Tortosa, already without major support from the outside, Labib was forced to recognize the false Hisham II as Caliph. As so many other Slavic Kings, had no descendants, and at his death, was his another leader of their condition, which had also been general Almanzor, called Muqatil.

Bibliography

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