Biography of Luis Lacy (1775-1817)

Spanish General born in San Roque (Cádiz) on January 11, 1775, and died in Palma de Mallorca, July 5, 1817.

Of noble, Irish and French ancestry, the son of sergeant major of the regiment of Ultonia Patrick Lacy and Gould and María Gautier, sat square of cadet in the regiment of Brussels November 4, 1785, rising to second lieutenant of infantry on October 29, 1786. Then take part in an expedition to Puerto Rico, and is about to depart for the Moluccas, flees from House of guys in El Ferrol to Porto, and served as a captain in Guipúzcoa and Navarre in the war against the French Republic in 1794-1795.

Assistant of the Ultonia Regiment had a contest with the Governor of the Canary Islands, in 1802, by loving causes: formed you process, and on July 1, 1802 was given the retreat, at the time that condemning him to a year in a castle; the ruling specified that if, after this year, gave signs of being cured of dementia which afflicted him, could return to the army. But it happened in September 1803, as captain, in the service of France. In 1806 he/she married Emilia Duguermeus, of French nationality.

Having him sent to Spain in 1807, of an Irish unit's Commander, requested another destination, but not get it, after May 2, moved to the Spanish. The Seville Junta admitted him as captain, and amounted September 24, 1808 to Lieutenant Colonel, in command of the battalion light Ledesma.

Colonel, on January 24, 1809, distinguished itself at the battle of Ocaña, amounted to consequence from it to brigadier on 3 July 1809 and field marshal on 16 March 1810. In 1811 he/she was about to have a duel with general Thomas Graham, English in the service of Spain, which could be avoided. He/She then published answers to why General Graham gives... to be honest of officials who believe you are manifest or made representation to the courts of the General Lapeña (sic) (Cádiz, 1811).

As General in Chief of the army of Catalonia in June 1811, contributed more to the release of this region. His letter general Macdonald, dated in Berga to October 12, 1811, on the regularization of the war, was published in business newspaper of Cádiz, on 15 and 16 December 1811. A part of yours, which connects to the upper Board of Catalonia the defeat of the enemy in Reus, dated at Collblanch on January 19, 1812, is published as a supplement to general editor, Cadiz, on February 20, 1812.

Lieutenant general, on April 17, 1812, author of a decree published by the Gazette of Catalonia, and in large excerpts by the editor, number 403, on July 21, 1812, that shows the depth of his liberal concept. A part of military operations, given in Vich 3 August 1812, published in mercantile Journal of Cadiz, number 69, of 8 September 1812. In another decree, given on August 14, 1812, also on Vich instructs José Manso that fuse the two first prisoners that take, in retaliation for the execution in Lleida by an own guide (Business Journal of Cadiz, number 68, on September 7, 1812). Author of the proclamation French, reprinted in Cadiz in 1812, which invites you to rise up against the tyrant.

Captain general of Galicia and general in Chief of his army of reserve. The Regency ordered the September 23, 1812, that investigation into his conduct in relation to the decline of the public in Catalonia (sic) spirit, and also in relation to blowing up the castle of Lleida. The number 1 of the Censor in the first army, Vic on December 15, 1812, makes his apology, against what G.Q. in the number 490, October 16, 1812, the editor said. Writes as public opinion can be hesitant in order to causes that had the Council of war of official General of the first army to suspend in the functions of Mayor of the same and the Principality D. Francisco de Oteyza (Vic, 1813).

Grand Cross of San Fernando, in 1813. On April 7, 1814, as general in Chief of La Coruña and reserve army, delivered to the troop the proclamation "soldiers:..." Que viva, and viva Fernando VII", published in the general editor of Spain, number 168, on April 17, 1814, followed by another brief proclamation. April 13 date in La Coruna its response to citizens who told her that, against the unconstitutional Wiles, rely on their general Lacy (letter and answer published in the citizen by the Constitution, number 271, on April 17, 1814).

Upon his return, Fernando VII dismissed him because of his liberal ideas. From Headquarters to Valencia, established its domicile in Vinaroz, where States living startled. In August 1816, he/she was transferred in November of the same year to Catalonia and Andalusia. Already in Madrid, in 1816, it puts in relation to the enemies of the absolute regime that continued in Barcelona, a city which, according to Francisco Milans del Bosch, prepared a conspiracy to restore freedom, which was performing on the night of 5 to 6 April 1817. Proclamation Concordia and value restoring the Constitution, contained the essentials of an economic program - abolition of taxes, etc., including that of doors - promised peace with the Americas, who gathered to Spain by virtue of the Constitution, and established promotions and bonuses for the military.

Having failed, by denunciation of the Colonel Juan María Muñoz, Milans managed to win the border, but Lacy not. In a Council of war, in which Juan Prats Acting Prosecutor and the Marquis of Casa Cagigal's Defender, quarterbacks Pedro Sarsfield, Marquis of Zambrano and Cayetano Marimón, and the lieutenants General José María Santocildes, Francisco Cabrero, Paz Felipe, Andrés Pérez Herrasti, count of Santa Clara, and the captain general Francisco Javier Castaños, who presided, condemned him to be passed by the weapons. Only Pérez Herrasti introduced the dilemma of past weapons or garrote.

Unsuccessful a second conspiracy in Barcelona to free him, this time delation in may 1817 of Sergeant first Carlos Pedro Escobar criminal cunning of chestnut trees it consisted of lead you to Majorca, in which castillo de Bellver, after blindfolded him Colonel Joaquín Arconada, was shot. The Liberals never forgave chestnut trees.

Posthumously, on 25 March 1820 all his honors were returned to him, and June 6 large funerals were held in Barcelona in his honor. A letter from Lacy to his sister Carmen, Tower dated to June 20 (sic), published Casa-Cagigal in reply which sought to rebut the attacks made her work as a defender (Barcelona, 1821).

Regardless of the abrupt character or not this conspiracy, it is clear that it was something more than a mere sedition military, since broad civil participation in it is more than demonstrated. There were reasons for this, and Lacy was his interpreter.


Archivo General military of Segovia.

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Commercial newspaper of Cádiz, 15 and 16 December 1811, ns. 68 and 69, 7 and 8 September 1812.

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In praise of the company of the ring. First part. Madrid, 1922.

GIL NOVALES, Alberto: The patriotic societies. Madrid: Tecnos, 1975.

MONENTE ZABALZA, Adela: "conspiracy of Lacy". Hispania 137, sep-Dec., 1977, pp. 601-623.

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Editor, 20 February 1812, n. 403, 21 July and no. 490, 16 October 1812.

RIAÑO, Camilo: The Lieutenant General Don Antonio Nariño. Bogotá, 1973.