Biography of Marcial Lalanda del Pino (1903-1990)

Bullfighter Spanish, born in Vaciamadrid (Madrid) on September 20, 1903 and died in the capital of Spain on October 25, 1990.

Son of a mayoral of the cattle ranch of don Enrique Salamanca, and brother of two bullfighters - Martín and Eduardo Lalanda - who directed its first stammerings in the difficult art of Cúchares, martial lived in his childhood and his cowboy environment a bullfighting atmosphere that led him to fight a calf at nine years of age (on the grounds of the segovian rancher don Luis Baeza(, the 24 June 1913), and to kill their first two calves when only was eleven years old. The first dealt him in Alameda de la Sagra (Toledo), on August 14, 1914; the second, which killed in the capital of the province on November 8 of that year, provided his first outing on the shoulders, as in this manner was born Marcial child until the plaza de Zocodover.

But this precocity was truncated by the ministerial provision which prevented fight children under sixteen. Marcial reappeared as a bullfighter in 1919, advertised on posters alongside his cousin Pablo Lalanda Gutiérrez, with whom he formed "society" to deal during that year and the next in Spanish and Lusitanian squares. Presented in Madrid on June 24, 1920 with steers of Veragua and repeated on August 8 before Villamarta cattle. Martial arts cut two ears and shoulders out the large door, allowing him to finish that season and begin the next with a place reserved at the main fairs of the country.

Facing the bull Pichuchi, Rafael Surga cattle, it took the alternative in Seville on 28 September 1921, sponsored by Juan Belmonte and in the presence of Manuel Jiménez Moreno, "Chicuelo". The following year lived very closely the most painful and tragic party part: April 21, in the plaza de la Real Maestranza of Seville, shared poster with Manuel Vare García, "Varelito", to whom a bull of Guadalest inferred the tremendous Goring that would end her life within twenty-two days of painful suffering. In the meantime, Marcial confirmed the alternative in Madrid, the fateful 7 May 1922, sponsored by Juan Luis de la Rosa, who gave him Bull missionary of the livestock of Veragua, in the presence of the adroit Valencian unfortunate Manuel Granero. A part of the Levante fans blamed Marcial Lalanda of the death of his idol, because it spread the false rumor that the Bullfighter from Madrid had gone something slow and cautious when it comes to the remove barn when del toro Pocapena wore, Goring him it viciously, even under the footrest, which mortally wounded him in the right eye. The truth is that, according to the most reliable reporters, Marcial was the first to arrive with the cloak, which did not prevent the fatal barn catching; and add these magazine racks that martial was in charge of stock to Pocapena, since its sponsor at confirmation had been injured and was, in that hard trance, in the infirmary of the square. These two were not the only fatal gorings which occurred in the presence of martial, since this also shared poster with Manuel Báez, 'Litri', and with Francisco Vega de los Reyes, "Gypsy de Triana", when both received the Gore that ended with their lives. In his long career, suffered four serious gorings: Madrid (1924), Zaragoza (1925), and Toledo and Valencia (1927).

In 1923 and 1924 he was at the top of the ladder and continued making progress until 1927, year in which he made one of his most successful seasons. On August 29, 1929 he starred in a memorable evening in the Bullring of Barcelona, which is locked with six bulls from the livestock of Doña Enriqueta de la Cova solo. It shone with the cloak to an unsurpassed height, what can testify the twenty-one different quites! that it exhibited before yielded admiration of the then numerous Catalan fans. He was the inventor of the famous remove the Butterfly (which initially was called skirt), consistent quote the bull with the cast cloak back, and take it galleando zigzag, alternatively calling him by the left side and the right of the bullfighter, but let him pass by any of both sides.

Also successful were his seasons of 1930 and 1931, but not the silliest from 1932 until the Civil War. During the war he took party for the insurgent side, although already before he had clashed with the legitimate republican authorities, in his position as President of the Association of matadors (also headed the Toreros Montepio). While it lasted in Spain the fratricidal fight, win good money on French sands, which did not prevent him being one of the first who came into Madrid poor and expired in 1939, nor sign up before anyone else the shamefully run call of the victory, which was held in the Monumental de Las Ventas on May 24, 1939. Adept at the newly established dictatorial regime, received the award of killing eighteen bullfights in Madrid between the years 1939, 1940 and 1941. Over the course of two them confirmed the alternatives of Manuel Rodríguez, "Manolete", and Pepe Luis Vázquez, two young emerging figures that not disdained compete already tanned teacher. Cut off the queue in Las Ventas on October 18, 1942, in bulls of don Antonio Pérez, in the company of Pepe Luis Vázquez and Juan Mari Pérez Tabernero.

In his 27 years as a bullfighter, Marcial Lalanda acted in seventy thousand bullfights and killed two thousand two hundred seventy-one cattle. In the capital of Spain, she participated in one hundred and twenty-two major celebrations, of which 35 were verified in the Monumental de Las Ventas. He was also successful in America, especially in Mexico (1922, 1925 and 1936) and Peru (1927). Its huge popularity was well reflected in the very famous pasodoble that master Martín Domingo composed in his honor ("Marcial, you're the greatest!, / looks that you're from Madrid, / rival of Belmonte, José, /"Machaquito", Pastor / and"El Algabeño""). But while it is true that this rivalry--which can include other many matadors that competed bravely the Bullfighter of Vaciamadrid - forced him to dominate all kinds of Bull and run with ease any release, it is not less that Marcial presented some little excusable defects who intended to go through "the greatest". Thus, for instance, was not quite Orthodox in the handling of steel (Gregorio Corrochano said that "killed in parable", because it was the ugly habit of aiming very high with the rapier); and it affected too many times a theatricality that, in the words of Néstor Luján, "was overblown and frigorificada".

Bibliography.

-AMORÓS GUARDIOLA, Andrés, and pine, Marcial - LALANDA Marcial Lalanda of bullfighting. (Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 1987).

-LALANDA of pine, Marcial - Lalanda, Ortega and his time. Talks of bullfighting. (Zaragoza: the Academy, 1932).