Biography of José Joaquín Landerer y Climent (1841-1922)

Geologist and Spanish astronomer born in Valencia in 1841 and died in Tortosa (Tarragona) in 1922, author of numerous studies of geological and astronomical, especially of Jupiter and its satellites.

He was the son of a Swiss father and from a very young felt alive inclination towards astronomy and geology, disciplines that cultivated throughout his life, even though he never attended a race official. Supplemented the lack of resources of a particular notable, a consistency and thoroughness also leaning on a comfortable economic position. Mastered several languages and was one of the Spanish of his time with easier access to the publication in journals foreign: his first articles appeared in Les Mondes of Abbé Moigno, and was author of more than twenty notes in the Comptes Nendus of the Académie des Sciences of Paris.

In the field of astronomy his best contributions are those relating to the satellites of Jupiter, subject that occupied him for many years. From the study of the polarization of sunlight reflected on the Moon reached the conclusion that it was a dead satellite, in an investigation of great originality. He predicted with great accuracy the path of the shadow in solar eclipses from 1900 and 1905, which earned him the recognition of Spanish authorities and foreign, including the Jaussen prize which was awarded the Société Astronomique de France. Special mention deserves its hard support for the installation of the Ebro Observatory, as well as reoconocio its founder and director Ricardo Cirera.

He also felt fondness towards meteorology and especially the weather forecast. In terms of geology, he met with deep soils of the Maestrazgo and their contributions are essential to know the stratigraphy of the Cretaceous in the mentioned area; He called as"tenencico" a kind of typical stratigraphic formation of that region, with features marked both from the petrographic and palaeontological point of view. His fondness for fossils, which drew with unique style, led him to publish a monograph on the environment of Tortosa, which contained 31 new species of fossils. The work of Landerer principles of geology and Pleontologia had an excellent reception and was reprinted several times. Jaime Almera began in Geology with field work conducted with Landerer.



Principles of geology and Paleontology, (Barcelona, religious Bookstore, 1878); new editions, each revised and enlarged in 1907 and 1909. The evolution of the lunar globe. (Barcelona, Juan Gili, 1910). Paleontological monograph of the aptico of Tortosa, Chert and Benifaza floor. (Madrid, Bailly-Baillière, 1872; and Paris, Mellier, 1872).PALAU DULCET, a.: Handbook of Hispanic-American bookseller, vol. VII, p. 362. (Barcelona-Madrid, J.M. Viader, 1948-1977).


LINARI, A. F.: "Don José Joaquin Landerer and Climent", Iberian, no. 18, pp. 178-180, 1922.GARRIDO, July: "a Spanish forerunner of petrographic investigations of the Moon's surface: José Joaquín Landerer", in the magazine of the Royal Academy of exact, physical and natural sciences, pp. 285-287, 1973.MANDALLA and PUEYO, Lucas: the progress of geology in Spain during the 19th century (entry in the Royal Academy of Sciences presentation). (Madrid, L. Aguado, 1897). Encyclopedia Universal Ilustrada, vol. 29, pp. 566-567.

Eugenio Portela framework