Spanish politician born in San Juan de el Molino (Tlaxcala) in 1744 and died in Vergara (Vizcaya) in 1824.
After studying at the Seminary of Puebla de los Angeles, he moved to Spain in 1761. He published Apologia by the Agotes of Navarre and the Chuetas of Mallorca (Madrid, 1786). Godoy banished him to the Basque provinces, in 1791, where he was appointed director of the Seminary of Vergara. Rose him into exile March 28, 1808. He published Apologia for the method of studies in the Seminary of Vergara (Vitoria, 1806).
Indian Minister, swore the Statute of Bayonne July 23, 1808. Representative of new Spain in the Central Board, out of Seville passed to Chiclana, on January 13, 1810. On 4 February 18l 0 he was appointed member of the first Regency, which lasted until October 28, 1810. He was a member of the Board of legislation, tried to prevent the meeting of the Cortes, and filled with monarchical spirit published a manifesto... On his political behavior on the night of September 24, 1810 (Alicante, 1811), submitted to the courts in October 14, 1811, and also important and urgent warning to the Spanish nation, concerning courts (La Coruña, 1811).It denied the legitimacy of the courts, especially attacking the alternate members, and warned that provinces would not recognize the Constitution drawn up by such courts. Provincial Censorship Board declared seditious manifesto and subersivo in great degree, while Supreme Censorship Board said it impolitic, lacking in respect to courts and depressive members alternates authority. Why reading is harmful, and must not run.It came to Cádiz in late December 1811, and was given for arrest the headquarters of San Fernando, in the custody of the distinguished volunteers. The courts appointed a Special Court, before which defended you the licenciado Antonio Ruiz de Alcalá. On August 14, 1812 he was condemned to be an expatriate, while the manifest should be burned by the hand of the executioner. Lardizabal took refuge in England, the Supreme Court declared 29 May 1813, and free of charge, repealing the previous sentence, and claiming that his reputation and opinion should not suffer because of this. It is even authorized him to proceed against its judges, former prosecutors and scribe. He returned in 1814, to collaborate actively in the destruction of the Constitution.
Named universal Minister of the Indies, in 1814, gave birth some brochures, and manifesto which makes the inhabitants of the Indies, sobe the State of affairs of those provinces (Madrid, 1814), Real cédula de S.M. on the re-establishment of the Supreme Council of the Indies (Madrid, 1814).In 1815 he lost the confidence of the King, who imprisoned him in the Citadel of Pamplona. He then returned to be director of the Seminary of Vergara. Until 1820 continued to be State Councillor (later retired).In 1815 he had received the great cross of Isabel the Catholic, decoration that he had helped create. Vinuesa sent him in 1821 four copies of the proclamation of the Russian general, who were returned to him; but he insisted with two others.
Archivo Histórico Nacional. State, 1I, 30, 1 p, 1 and 5 d, 3.
Mercantile Journal of Cadiz, ns. 146 and 150, 17 and 21 June 1813.
GIL NOVALES, Alberto: The patriotic societies. Madrid: Tecnos, 1975.
Editor, ns. 199 and 715, 30 December 1811 and 30 May 1813.
RIAÑO, Camilo: The Lieutenant General Don Antonio Nariño. Bogotá, 1973.
A Gil Novales