Biography of Henri Laurens (1885-1954)

French Cubist sculptor, born in Paris on February 18, 1885 and died in Paris on 5 May 1954.

At the end of the century he frequents drawing courses. During the first years of the twentieth century, his first sculptures reflect the influence of Rodin. In 1911 he began a lasting friendship with Braque, that brings closer you to Cubism. It takes part for the first time in the Salon of the independents in Paris in 1913. Two years later he meets Picasso, Gris and Modigliani. In 1916 he made collages and Cubist compositions; illustrated poems of Reverdy. His first solo takes place at the l'effort Moderne Gallery in Paris in 1917. During the 1920s dedicates itself to different architectural projects and scenery. Head of girl, 1920, is one of his first sculptures of round, and is built in a more traditional than his previous series of Bas-relief way. Inclined surfaces and geometric volumes are harmonized to form a compact group; the sculpture offers a variety of Visual experiences, according to their points of view, which is surprising in so schematically. Into the 1920s, the use of color in his sculptures, is deliberately rationalized, aisgnandole a color for each plane to affirm his existence, demarcating their adjacent planes: "For me the polychromy is the inner lumen of the sculpture" (Laurens).

In 1937 it contributes significantly to the international exhibition of the arts of Paris, and in 1938 he participated in a traveling group exhibition with Braque and Picasso, which is presented in Oslo, Stockholm and Copenhagen. Numerous exhibitions and is present in various editions of the Venice Biennale. A major retrospective of his work takes place at the National Museum of modern art in Paris in 1951. The following year he made a monumental sculpture for the University of Caracas. He exhibited several times in Europe and the United States throughout the 1950s, and in 1953 received the prize of the São Paulo biennial.


FLINT, Lucy, the Collezione Peggy Guggenheim, New York, 1983.