French poet of Uruguayan origin, born in Montevideo in 1846 and died in Paris in 1870. His real name was Isidore Lucien Ducasse, although he is universally known by his pseudonym of Lautréamont.
Of French parents settled in Uruguay, he went to France in 1860, where he studied secondary studies at the Lycée de Tarbes and at the Liceo de Pau (1863-1865). After his studies, he returned to Montevideo until 1867, year in which was installed in Paris. Read the great classics: Sophocles, Milton, Dante, Rabelais, Shakespeare, Shelley, Byron, Gautier and authors of black novels. He died in strange circumstances. He took his pseudonym from the character of a historical novel by Eugène Sue, in which Lautréamont begins as a perfect gentleman and sinking gradually in Vice, blasphemy and monstrosity.
The literary work of Lautréamont was printed between 1868 and 1870, returning from Montevideo and his death. His book entitled Chants of Maldoror (songs of Maldoror, 1869) was praised by the surrealists, who cite his work as one of their favorite sources, which found many of the precursor characteristics of literary values that sought to establish the components of the movement.
It is a prose poem divided into six Cantos, whose first Canto appeared anonymous in the month of August 1868 to its coast and was republished a few months later in Bordeaux as part of a poetic delivery of several authors entitled Parfums de L' âme. His verses are rebelling against all the incoformismos, culture, civilization, thinkers, reason, order and morals. The book centers around Maldoror, a young rebel to life and to God that inclines to the evil in the midst of an exalted and violent atmosphere. Lautréamont creates a universe close to the fantasy or the unconscious through the multiplicity of poetic images and an exceptional and witty manipulation of language and poetic resources.
In 1870 he published Poesies (poems), containing only the preface to a second volume of poems that never saw the light. It was reissued by André Breton in 1919 and by Philippe Soupault in 1923.