Biography of Antonio López de Santa Anna (1794-1876)

Military and Mexican politician born in Jalapa (Veracruz) on February 21, 1794. It occupied for more than one third of century political life in Mexico: was, with intervals, seven times President of the Republic from 1833 to 1855 to implant the more extreme dictatorship. He/She joined as realistic Cadet 6 July 1810, and by its actions against the insurgents rose to captain in 1816; After its accession to the Plan of Iguala, Iturbide ratified you in 1821 the rank of Colonel, which the colonial Government had given him, but on December 2, 1822 took up arms proclaiming the Republic; at this time, it was already general. In 1823 he/she held military command of Yucatán until 1825, year in which he/she resigned. Retired from politics, he/she was appointed Governor of Veracruz in 1827. The following year he/she was removed from office and was forced to take refuge in Oaxaca, although with the triumph of the Plan de Perote entered President Vicente Guerrero and Santa Anna returned to Veracruz.

Wrapped the Republic in new riots, Santa Anna boundless ambition made him resort to Gómez Pedraza, who arrived from the United States to the Presidency on December 24, 1832. Later, he/she participated and triumphed in the presidential elections of 1833 but did not take possession: was in charge of the law firm Vice President Gómez Farías, who implanted a radical system, so that, before the popular discontent, Santa Anna served as Chairman on May 16, 1833; from that moment he/she entered and left the political scene in the most unexpected moments. This first presidential period ended on January 27, 1837, year in which he/she presented his resignation.

In 1838, came out to fight the French squadron which besieged Veracruz, and defeating, regained popularity, although it was badly hurt and lost a leg. In 1839 was acting President with Bustamante, who ended up overthrowing in 1841 and the bases of Tacubaya, signed next to Paredes and Valencia, Santa Anna was owner of the situation at the head of an interim Executive who gave way to personal power. He/She reorganized the army, erected a commercial court and other mining and restored the Jesuits in the North of the country.

An insurrection headed by José Joaquín Herrera deposed him and Santa Anna retired to his estate of nail sleeve, where it remained until his exile by order of the Congress in 1845.

In 1846 the war with United States returned him to power: in front of the army was defeated in la Angostura, Cerro Gordo and in the Valley of Mexico. He/She went exile to Jamaica and Venezuela in April 1848. He/She returned to the country in 1853 and took power on April 20 with the dictates of His Serene Highness, already used by Iturbide. He/She resigned on 12 August 1855 and was banished.

He returned to Mexico in 1864, but because of his ideas, the Empire re-embarked him and took him to Havana. In Turbaco, where was reinstated, he/she raised the flag of republicanism and launched threats to the Empire. In January 1866 the Secretary of State of United States, Seward, visited him. He/She returned to Mexico in 1867; prisoner in San Juan de Ulúa, Veracruz, sentenced to eight years of exile and went to Havana. Dead Juarez, President Lerdo raised him exile; in 1874 he/she was allowed to return to the country, and soon it died completely forgotten.