Biography of Émile François Loubet (1838-1929)

French politician born in Marsanne on December 31, 1838, and died on December 20, 1929 in Montelimar. He/She was the seventh President of the third Republic of France between 1899 and 1903, and contributed to improving the relations between France and Great Britain and consummate the rift between his country and the Vatican.

He studied law and in 1876 entered the Chamber of Deputies the Republican cause, defending freedom and secular education. He/She joined the Senate in 1885 and from December 1887 to March of the following year worked as Minister of public works. He/She served as Prime Minister in February 1892 but had to abandon it nine months later, because of the financial scandal that followed the collapse of the Universal Company of the interoceanic Canal and its hesitation to investigate it; However, he/she kept the Interior portfolio under the exercise of his successor until 1883. In 1886 he/she was appointed President of the Senate.

In 1898 he/she succeeded Félix Faure as President and had to deal with resolving the division of the French company to the guilt of betrayal of the officer of the armed Alfred Dreyfus. Appealing to the support of Republican forces, a Ministry that struggle case joined to René Waldeck-Rousseau to form. Dreyfus was brought from the penal colony of Devil´s Island for a new trial which was again convicted by a court martial, thereby satisfying the demands of the Catholic Church Roman army. But Loubet quashed the judgement and cancelled the deportation order, pointing to the triumph of the Republican faction (1899).

In foreign policy it maintained a very active year, visiting leaders of Russia and Italy, Nicolás II, Víctor Manuel III (visit that it angered the Pope Pius X) and receiving the King Eduardo VII of the United Kingdom, which marked the beginning of an improvement in relations between the two countries: a friendly Anglo-French Entente which established an understanding colonial policy was signed in 1904. During his presidency, Loubet worked to make France a completely secular State, initiating his ministers, Waldeck-Rousseau and Combes, the limitation of the privileges of the Catholic Church; in 1905 was consummated the rupture of relations between the State and both the Roman, as with the Protestant faith and the Jewish Church. Loubet retired in 1906, being succeeded by Armand Fallières.

JMMT.