King of the Franks, King of Aquitaine and Emperor of the West, called the pious. Fifth son of the second marriage of Charlemagne and Hildegard, born in Chasseneuil, near Poitiers, on June 20, 778 and died in Petersaue (Germany) in the year 840. On two occasions he was expelled from the throne by his sons, lothario, cucumber, Luis and Carlos, and both times was able to regain the throne, both the 830 and the 834. But these internecine battles accounted for that, following his death, the Empire of Charlemagne to disintegrate.
In 781, at the age of three, he was crowned as King of Aquitaine and the 813 was associated with the throne by his father, who appointed him co-Emperor. The following year, when occurred the death of Charlemagne, Ludovico reached the imperial dignity.
From the 781 to the 814 governed the destinies of Aquitaine through a series of counselors who prepared him for the tasks of Government during his childhood. When on 28 January 814 Charlemagne died in Aachen, he was succeeded at the head of the Kingdom by Luis I, the only legitimate children still remained alive. On that same date, Luis I married Irmengarda of Hesbaye, with whom he had three sons, lothario, cucumber and Luis.
Luis I inherited a vast Empire and one of his first decisions of Government was put to the members of his own family in the front of the different parts of the Empire. This decision was the start of the series of problems that plagued the Empire until its disintegration and the conflicts between his sons to seize power. In August of the 814 it named lothario and cucumber Kings of Bavaria and Aquitaine respectively. It was also named the son of his brother cucumber, Bernardo, as King of Italy. In the 817 Bernardo revolted against Luis I, which raised a great army in France and Germany, and marched against Bernardo who beat and sent out the eyes; This fact caused the death, for which Luis did public penance in the year 822.
In the Assembly of Aachen in July of the 817, Luis I confirmed to cucumber in their possessions of Aquitaine, at the time that the Germanic Luis granted the Kingdom of Bavaria, which until that time was under the authority of his eldest son, Lothair. This, in turn, was named co-Emperor. The following year the Irmengarda Empress died and Luis I married Judith of Bavaria which, in June of the 823, gave him a new son, Carlos Calvo, which the Emperor granted the Kingdom of Germany in the year 829. He was deposed and relegated to a monastery in the 825, but that same year was restored to the throne.
Lothario, along with his two brothers, won against his father and Carlos, the followers of this. The revolt was successful and the 830 was deposed the emperor. The Nijmegen Assembly restored that same year to Luis I on the throne. Then came a new Division of the Empire, in which Lothair was granted the Kingdom of Italy. Two years later, Luis I snatched Aquitaine cucumber and gave him control of the territory to Carlos, what motivated a new revolt of the three older brothers, in which he counted with the support of the Pope Gregory IV. Once more the emperor was stripped, but in March of the 834 managed to regain his throne. He then signed with cucumber and Luis the German peace. Lothario returned to revolt, but by not having the support of his brothers, had to retire to Italy. In 839 Luis the German revolted, but was defeated in Bavaria.
In December of the 838 cucumber died, and the Empire was once again divided into the Assembly of Worms of May 30, the 839. Then the empire began to split between Lothair and Carlos, while Luis the German took refuge in their possessions of Bavaria. At the end of that year, Luis the German marched with his army against his father, which convened on July 1 of the 840 a new Assembly at Worms, but until this would meet, Luis I died in Petersaue, near Ingelheim. He was buried in the Church of San Arnulfo de Metz.
The death of Luis, the Empire Charlemagne rose was in process of decomposition, with her three surviving children faced each other and borders threatened by the Danes and other peoples of Northern Europe. The uprisings of the Bretons and the gascons, and the ongoing struggles against Saracens and Normans caused the decline of the Empire of Charlemagne. Lothario, Luis the Germanic and Carlos Calvo continued fighting among them until his death, while the work of their ancestors undid to his around.
Luis was a man extremely pious, very concerned about Church Affairs and with a great education received at the Court of her father, where the most illustrious men of the time were given appointment.