Biography of King of Francia Luis VI (1081-1137)

King of France, called el Gordo or el Batallador, son of Felipe I and Bertha of Holland; born probably in Paris towards the end of 1081 and died in the same city 1 August 1137.

He was educated at the Abbey of Saint-Denis, where he/she met the Oblate Suger, and from a young age made clear his predisposition for weapons and their know-how as a military. He/She had a prominent role in the struggle against the British, but because of the hatred of her stepmother Bertrada, second wife of Felipe I, which did everything possible to separate his father Luis and so never arrived to succeed him on the throne, was withdrawn to the County of Ponthieu.

In 1100 it was associated with the throne by his father, and the following year stood in front of a punitive expedition against the Lords of Montmorency, Beaumont and Mouchy. Despite having the confidence of his father, during the seven years following had to fend off continuously from attacks by her stepmother, who never give up in his efforts. Nevertheless, in 1108 at the death of Felipe I, no one could stop Luis to take over the throne, since his military record and his reputation for the entire Kingdom was enormous. King the same year was proclaimed. He/She ignored a request for assistance made by the count of Barcelona, Ramón Berenguer III, harassed in their territories by the Almoravids.

His main concern as monarch consisted of weaken the bonds of feudalism and replace them with a more Regal power. He/She strengthened the power of the monarchy centered on the Ile de France. He/She fought against the powerful count of Blois, Fanon IV, for 24 years, after which it ended up be allies. Between 1109 and 1128 he/she held a series of almost continued fighting against the English and the Normans. He/She fought for the Normandy against Henry I, King of England, who beat him in Brenneville in 1119, and forced him to sign peace in Gisors. In 1124 expelled the imperial armies of Henry V who had invaded France at the behest of the English.

He maintained excellent relations with the papacy and the French clergy, which benefited from extraordinary form with constant permits for the establishment of religious orders. In 1130, when there was the confrontation between Pope Innocent II and Anacletus, convened the Council of Étampes where recognized as Pope innocent.

In their continuous struggle against the nobles and in favour of the monarchy, he/she made a number of important concessions to popular groups, granted privileges to a good number of villas and created new towns in which facilitated the settlement of colonists, which mayor sought each time the number of his direct vassals out and the nobles would be decreasing. He/She founded hospitals and infirmaries on their territories to attract the population of feudal lords.

Measures that I took at the expense of the nobles and for the benefit of the Church and of disadvantaged groups, both by his reputation as a good military and fair Knight, Luis VI enjoyed an excellent reputation in his time.

From his marriage to Adelaide, daughter of Humberto II, count of Savoy, had seven children: Felipe, who was appointed his successor in 1129, but died two years later due to a fall of horse; Luis, associated to the throne since 1132 and that happened to his death like Luis VII; Henry, Archbishop of Reims; Robert of Dreux; Pedro of Courtenay; Felipe, Archdeacon of Paris; Hugo; and Constance who married in first wedlock with Eustace count of Bologna and in second with Raymond V, count of Toulouse.