Biography of King of Francia Luis VII (1119-1180)

King of France called the young and pious son Luis VI and Adelaide, daughter of Humberto II, count of Savoy, born in unknown place between 1119 and 1122, although perhaps the most likely date is that of 1121, and died in Paris on 18 September 1180.

In 1131 it was associated by his father the Government after the death of the firstborn Felipe. In 1137, he/she married Eleanor, daughter and heiress of the Duke of Aquitaine. In August of that same year his father died, Luis was named the 8th of the same month, Duke of Aquitaine, and December 25th was proclaimed King of France as Luis VII. He/She kept the famous Abbot of Saint-Denis, Suger, as a counselor, as already it was of his father, Luis VI.

The first action of his Government was to suppress a violent revolt that had broken out in Orleans, what he/she did with ease. Between 1138 and 1141 he/she fought in Poitiers, where a new revolt, better organized than the previous one, had proclaimed the independence of the territory. Defeated the Lords of Poitou and Saintonge hoists, but was unable to conquer Toulouse and all he/she managed in this attack was to antagonise the Pope Innocent II and the enmity of the powerful count of champagne, Fanon, which until then had been its close ally. In the war between Tybalt and Luis VII latter troops burned Vitry Church which resulted in the death of hundreds of people. Very affected by this incident, in 1144 and both sides signed the peace. Despite this, the King felt deep remorse for the death of such a number of innocent and that the event had taken place in a church, so to atone for his guilt, marched to the Holy land in 1147 thickening the Christian ranks of the second crusade.

In October 1147 landed in front of the army in Constantinople where he/she was received by the Emperor Manuel I, where in may already had passed the German troops of the Emperor Conrad III of Hohenstaufen and his nephew, the Duke Federico of Swabia (future Federico I Barbarroja), even though the adventure started positively for the French and the help of Roberto de CraonGrand Master of the Knights Templar, soon changed his luck and Luis VII suffered a series of violent defeats which cost him his army and were about to cause death on more than one occasion. Arriving in France the disastrous news of the cross army, there were a series of popular protest riots. These riots might be caused by Roberto Dreux, the brother of the King, or at least, it tried to take advantage of them to achieve the throne. Aware of the treachery of his brother, Luis VII returned to France, where he/she arrived in October 1149. He/She immediately confronted his brother and managed to bring order to the Kingdom.

In 1152 he/she repudiated to Leonor of Aquitania, the official cause was the so-called consanguinity of the couple, but the lack of male heirs, and probably the rowdy behavior, which was attributed a relationship with the Seneschal of France, Geoffroy Plantagenet, count of Anjou, they were the real causes of divorce. Leonor that same year married second nuptials with Henry II, King of England, the son of her alleged lover. This divorce cost France the loss of the dowry of Eleanor, which was composed of the fabulous legacy of the Queen on the ducada of Aquitaine, his domains covering approximately one third of the current France and extended from Poitiers to Bordeaux, including Poitou, Limousin and Perigord and Gascony in addition to the nominal sovereignty over the territories of the West Bank of the Rhone and the claim of sovereignty over the County of Toulouse. Henry II, who was then already a count of Anjou and Mans, earlier had seized Normandy, so now with this marriage became the main enemy of the French Crown and major landowner of the Kingdom. These English possessions on the continent would be the main reason that prompted both countries to a series of wars which ravaged France during the 14th and 15th centuries, which are included in the complex network of known as the hundred years ' war.

In 1154 Luis VII married her sister Constance with Raymond V, count of Toulouse. That same year, the French King undertook a pilgrimage to Spain, in particular to Santiago, and married Constance of Castile. These two marriages made him recover much of the power lost by Henry and Eleanor bond, and thus saw him the English King was quick to seek reconciliation with Luis VII. When it seemed that it was going to occur a new problem led them to take up arms against each other. On this occasion it was the succession of Tolosa, which disputed Enrique II and the House Saint-Gilles, which supported Luis VII. In may 1160 was definitely reached peace with England. Earlier, in 1155, Luis VII proclaimed "general peace of the realm", making his barons swear (see: peace of Dios).

In 1167 he/she returned to conflict with England, and again in 1172, were conflicts of short duration and of little importance, since they did not produce significant territorial changes.

Luis VII had always worried the Church Affairs, he/she pursued the albigenses and Jews; He/She delivered at the Council of Tours (1161) on behalf of the Pope Alejandro III and against Víctor III, and Thomas Becket protected against Enrique II.

In internal politics he/she continued with the work of his father, as to what concerns the fight against feudalism; like his father rose new villages, but he/she surpassed this in dedication for the poorest, for the benefit of whom arrived to face up to the Church.

He contracted three marriages, first had to María, wife of Henry I, count of champagne; and Alice, wife of Fanon V, count of Blois; wife, Constance is second, was to Marguerite, who married the Crown Prince of England, Enrique the younger; and Alicia; and her third marriage Adela or Alice of champagne, had to Felipe Augusto , who succeeded him; Alicia and Agnes.

The crowning of his son and successor Felipe Augusto in 1179 and expulsion of Jews noted recent years of Luis VII.