Son of Enrique IV and María de Médicis, born in 1601 and died in 1643. He succeeded his father in 1610, under the Regency of his mother, and it was consecrated in Reims that same year. The major events that occurred during his minority were the elevation of Concini, separation of Sully in 1611 and the Treaty of Saint-Menehould with Princes revolted in 1614. In this year he completed his minority, and the following were designated by the meeting of the States-General of 1614-1615, by the struggle of Parliament and Princes against the Queen; the revolt of the Protestants of Languedoc and Guiena in 1615; the Congress of Loudon. the prison of the Prince of Condé; the appointment of Richelieu for the post of Secretary of State in 1616; the armament of the armies against the Princes; the murder of the Marshal of Ancre in 1617; the revolt of the Béarn in 1618; a war between Luis XIII and his mother, terminated by the Treaty of Angoulême in 1619; peace of Angers discontent; the meeting of Navarra to France in 1820; the revolt of the Calvinists; the Treaty of Madrid with Spain in 1621; the peace of Mompeller in 1622, and the war of the Valtellina in 1623.
Richelieu joined the Board of the King in 1624, and the rest of the reign of Luis XIII was pointed out by a war with Genoa; an insurrection of the Protestants in 1625; the Treaty of Monzón. the torment of Chalais in 1626; the de Bouteville; the site and catch of La Rochelle in 1627 and 1628; the war of Mantua in 1628; the peace of Alais the Huguenots; the appointment of Richelieu in 1629 for the post of Prime Minister; the peace of Regensburg with the Emperor; several negotiations with the powers of the North; the escape of Gastón to Lorraine and Médicis María to the Netherlands in 1651; the revolt of Gastón in Languedoc; the battle of Catelnandary; the torment of Montmorency in 1692 and the urban Grandier in 1633; the Foundation of the Académie française; the Declaration of war to the House of Austria in 1635; the momentary triumphs of the English in Picardy; the conspiracy of Gondi and Rochepot against Richelieu in 1636; the evacuation of the Valtellina by Rohan in 1637; Rheinfeld victory; taking Brisach and several naval victories in 1638; the revolt of the tattered in Normandy in 1639; the taking of Arras and the revolution of Portugal in 1640; the victory of Wolfenbüttel in 1641; the conspiracy and torment of Cinq Mars; the conquest of Roussillon, and the death of Richelieu; such were the main events of the last years of the reign of Luis XIII, which never ruled, both disability and by the fear that always inspired his Minister Richelieu content with deftly intriguing against him, and to encourage the hopes of their opponents, who then left cruel and lowly to bloody revenge of that tyrant priest.