Biography of King of Francia Luis XV (1710-1774)

King of France, called the beloved, born in Versailles in 1710 and died in the same town in 1774. He/She succeeded his grandfather Luis XIV when just he/she was five years old, so it was constituted a Council of Regency headed by Felipe, Duke of Orleans

The minority of Luis XV age was marked by problems of finances, inherited from the Sun King, that the Regent had to face. The policy pursued by this did not but aggravate the problem, since the ideas of Law proved to be a failure.

In 1723 Luis XV was declared a major, but not actually exercised power until 1743, since left the Government in the hands of his ministers. The first of these was the Duke of Bourbon, who took charge of the Government between 1723 and 1726, this last date that fell in disgrace and was exiled from the Court. The Duke of Bourbon strengthened the Alliance with Poland through the marriage of the King with MarĂ­a Leszczynska in 1725, daughter of Stanislaus I. With her the King would have ten children, including the heir to the throne. Replaced at the head of the Kingdom the cardinal Fleury(1653-1743) who remained in power until his death in 1743. During his Government stabilized the currency, by the extraordinary management carried out previously by Orry; and he/she filled the Royal coffers, which led to a true economic take-off. He/She could not help that France would not be involved in the war of succession of Poland (1733-1735), because the ties that both monarchies. Fleury tried to keep the peace, especially with England in Walpole, but events overcame him.

During these years, the King was devoted to hunting, travel, and the courtly diversions, without showing the slightest interest in the Affairs of Government. But this situation changed when Cardinal Fleury died in 1743 and Luis XV took personally from the Government.

During his long reign, abundant in changes of Government and intrigue, it was becoming an unpopular monarch, he/she made frequent mistakes and abuses of authority who contributed in good grade to discredit the monarchy and create the feeling of rejection towards the Crown which manifested itself during the reign of his successor in the village (see French Revolution).

From 1737, broken relationships with his wife, Luis XV allowed her successive lovers to acquire great influence in the Kingdom at the time at which enjoyed Royal favor. In this way, the Marquise de Pompadour and later the Countess Du Barry exerted power in France, in the midst of a runaway luxury that shocked France.

In domestic politics he/she knew to maintain the balance between different factions of power alternately calling them to power. At first encouraged the work of the encyclopaedists, but due to criticism of this made the established order forbade publication (see encyclopedia). It undertook a tepid reform plan hacendisticas, absolutely necessary to restructure the French finance, but was unable to carry them because of opposition from the nobles.

In foreign policy was where his greatest failures occurred. He/She dragged France to the war of Austrian Succession (1740-1748), which resulted in the seven years war, in which also participated and which had as a main result the loss of the French colonial empire in the India and Canada, despite the unity of action of all Bourbon branches in Europe.

It ended up being hated by his subjects, who saw in it a King despot, especially after banishing parliamentarians in 1771 and turn Parliament into a mere Court of Justice, on the occasion of the confrontations he/she had with the parliamentarians because of religious and financial policy.

At the end of his days he/she handed power to a triumvirate composed of Maupeou and Terray D'aiguillon, who developed a policy of economic despotism and interventionism, which helped the growing regio discrediting anything. He/She died in 1774 and left as heir his grandson Luis XVI.