Biography of King of Francia Luis XVIII (1755-1824)

Brother of Luis XVI, born in 1755 and died in 1824. At birth, he received the title of count of Provence; later, as his brothers, entrusted to the Duke of the Vauguyon, were distinguished by their application and their suitability for the study. Married in 1771 to Luisa de Saboya, who had no children; He took the title of Monsieur to the advent of Luis XVI, and was noted for his opposition to parliaments. Later also opposed the measures proposed by the Minister Calonne, and when he was called to the first Assembly of notables, section who chaired distinguished himself by his zeal in favour of the maintenance of all privileges. It wasn't, however, warn that that conduct was reckless; He tried to become Chief of the party that demanded reforms, and thus acquired popularity, then suffered a mortal blow with the ambiguous conduct observed in the case of Favras. The part that he was accused of having taken in the conspiracy of this unhappy not tested him, but what is certain is that it paid later through a pension which pointed to his widow the discretion of the victim, whose judgment and torment accelerated with his speeches at City Hall. The publication of the Red Book, which was that under the Ministry Calonne, who had attacked without consideration, had received in addition to their income and ordinary pensions, the enormous sum of 13.824,000 francs, despopularizó le completely and fled abroad in 1791. He then published the relationship of his escape from Paris to Brussels and Koblenz, and even more addicted supporters have been little pleased to see him count among their misfortunes meals bad had to do in the posadas. As you want it to be, just found himself in a foreign country, was made head of the émigrés, and the center of all the machinations that plotted in order to restore the Bourbons in France for twenty-five years. Said you the Legislative Assembly in 1792, stripped of their rights to the Regency, which did not prevent him taking the title of Regent to the death of his brother Luis XVI, and was proclaimed King of France after the death of his nephew. He lived some time in Germany, and then, successively, in Verona, Blankenburg and Mittau, Courland. In this city entered into deals with bars, then director, about the conditions of his return to France, and more later followed a correspondence with Bonaparte, first consul, with the same object. After the Treaty of Tilsit in 1807, it was forced to seek an asylum in England and was set in the Palace of Hartwell, where he remained until the events of 1814. It then embarked for France, and arriving at she issued the famous declaration of Saint-Ouen, dated 9 may, which established the basis of the Constitution, which granted the French. Two days later it came in Paris, where restored the Royal household on the same foot that was at the time of his brother, did hold sacrificial ceremonies and his family, honoured the memory of the royalists dead in his defense, made to emigrants return unsold goods and give the clergy their prerogatives. The return of Napoleon from Elba Island, forced him to flee again, and took refuge in Ghent, where he remained during the hundred days, returning to occupy the throne after the battle of Waterloo. The early days of this second restoration were noted by the bloody revenge that they exerted throughout the country, rising up all around the gallows, and committing the murders and excesses that have then received the name of White Terror. The 1816 amnesty law forced to expatriate to a large number of Frenchmen involved in the revolution. In the following years of this reign broke out different conspiracies, whose authors or accomplices were punished with death or imprisonment. The other events of importance that noted you, were the murder of the Duc de Berry in 1820; the expulsion of Manuel of the House of representatives in 1823, and the invasion of Spain, who had designed the restoration of the absolute power of Fernando VII. Luis 18th left some writings such as: relationship of a trip from Paris to Brussels and Koblenz; Written letters of Hartwell; Last years of the reign of Luis XVI.