Biography of Sidney Lumet (1924-2011)

Director of American cinema, born on June 25, 1924 in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) and died in New York on April 9, 2011. One of the most representative of the generation of television, its personal trajectory was indisputable, addressed both titles of prestige, in which it confirmed its good do with actors, as other more commercial in which hardly could afford to go beyond mere coherence of history.

Son of actor Baruch Lumet and Eugenia Wermus, Lumet dancer was a nino-actor wonder about the scenarios of the Yiddish Art Theater in New York, of which his parents were already veterans. His mother died when he was still a child. He worked as a child performer on the radio and, during the 1930s, Broadway was witness to their training; However, his theatrical career was interrupted by the outbreak of the second world war, in the context of which served as a radio operator.

On his return formed a theatrical group unorthodox - which included Eli Wallach and Yul Brynner- and fleeing the tenets of the Actor's Studio. In 1950, while studying at Columbia University, began working for CBS, first as an interpreter and later as director. Danger (1950), You Are There (1953) and The Alcoa Hour (1955) series were their first orders. The television experience was decisive and already become a famous film director, continued directing TV movies.

In 1957 he made his debut directing for the big screen (at the request of Henry Fonda, who was producer of the film) one of its most brilliant titles: twelve angry men, winner of the Golden bear at the Berlin Film Festival and nominated for several categories of the Oscar. This was the beginning of a constant in the cinema of Lumet, fond of enclosed spaces and claustrophobic atmospheres. In Stage Struck (1958), he repeated with Fonda, in a version of the film of Lovell Sherman Gloria de un día (1953).

The first half of the Decade of the sixties hosted its most inspired artistic period: from long day's journey into night (1962) - adaptation of the Eugene O'Neill play, starring Katharine Hepburn- until the lender (1965), the story of a survivor of the Holocaust who lives in New York, but that may not break out of its past, passing through one of their best human studies: The Hill (1965) - starring Sean Connery, one of the regulars and favorite actors of Lumet. But at this time he also faced some failures: the first, to change registration and opt for a comedy banal in that kind of woman (1960); the second, to bring to the screen the work of Tennessee Williams snakeskin (1962).

It was the premiere of Serpico (1973), which marked one of the most successful periods of the director. Al Pacino won the Golden Globe for his portrayal of a New York City police in Lumet's first film about police corruption in the city of the skyscrapers. The following success of the director was an adaptation of the novel by Agatha Christie, murder on the Orient Express (1974), which earned him his third Oscar to Ingrid Bergman . The list of hits of Lumet in the Decade of the seventies was completed with day of the dog (1975) and Network, a ruthless world (1976).

The next period also began brilliantly. Prince of the city (1981), according to Lumet a film about friendship, values and the drug addiction, made that the director was awarded the prize of the critics of Los Angeles. Lumet was adapting to the times and the narrative forms, as well as new talent interpretation, as it shows somewhere in nowhere (1988), a history of espionage with River Phoenix in the deal.

Although the 1990s did not provide their best titles, there are some noteworthy, as night falls on Manhattan (1997), in the line of other stories of the director as Serpico or district 34: total corruption (1990). The whole of his career will be recognized in 1993 to award, from the hands of your own Guild, David Wark Griffith.

Although he had worked for television, Lumet stated that this medium was guilty of American decline, erasing the line between fiction and reality. He said the manners to save us from living in a society even more wild, which has not deprived of show in many of his films. His cinema is especially personal. It does not produce great benefits, nor is designed for big stars. Still, in his book Making Movies, published in 1995, denounces the way that Hollywood promotes certain titles and pressure from the studios to hire star with demands that raise the budget to astronomical levels.

In February 2005 he was awarded with the honorary Oscar for his entire career. A year later, in April 2006, and after seven years of silence, presented declare me guilty, a film set in a courtroom, and with a subject matter that flirts with the denouncement, corruption and corporatism.

Filmography

As director:1957: Twelve men without piedad.1958: Stage Struck.1959: that kind of mujer.1960: serpiente.1961 skin: a view from the puente.1962: long day's journey into the noche.1964: point limit (and producer). 1965: the lender; The colina.1966: the grupo.1967: call for the dead (and producer). 1968: The Sea Gull (and producer); Bye Bye Braverman (and producer); A cita.1969: The Last of the Mobile Hot Shots (and producer). 1970: King: A Filmed record... Montgomery to Menphis.1971: Anderson in Manhattan.1972: Child completo Play.1973: Serpico; The ofensa.1974: Lovin'Molly; Murder on the Orient Express.1975: evening perros.1976: Network, a world implacable.1977: Equus.1978: the mago.1980: tell me what you want (and producer). 1981: Prince of the city (and screenwriter). 1982: final verdict; Trap mortal.1983: Daniel.1984: looking for Greta.1985: Power.1986: morning siguiente.1988: A place in any parte.1989: familia.1990 business: District 34: total corruption (and screenwriter). 1992: A strange between nosotros.1993: the diablo.1997 Attorney: night falls on Manhattan (and screenwriter); Critical Care (and producer). 1999: Gloria.2000: Whistle; The Beautiful Mrs. Seidenmann.2006: declare me guilty.

As actor:1939: One Third of to Nation.1989: Funny.1990: Listen Up: The Lives of Quincey Jones.

Works for television as director:1950: Danger (series). 1953: Tou Are There (series). 1955: The Alcoa Hour (series); All the King completo Men; The Count of Monte Cristo.1960: The Iceman Cometh; Rashomon; AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (actor). 1994: Inside the Actor's Studio (special appearance).

Bibliography

SANTI, g.: Sidnay Lumet, Roma: Nuova Italy, 1988.