Biography of Patrice-Emery Lumumba (1925-1961)

Congolese politician. Leader of the Congolese national movement and President of the Council (1960) after the proclamation of independence of the Congo.

Son of the Chief of the bateles, was born in Kasai (1925). He studied at schools Catholic and Protestant missionaries where they ended up adopting the Roman Apostolic religion and wrote some essays and poems. When he was nineteen years of age he moved to Stanleyville to work at the local post office.

Since then, little is known of his life until in 1955 he was arrested for an alleged fraud, tried and sentenced to two years in prison. Fulfilled his sentence, he was released and joined the ranks of the independence movement, where he began his political activity. He settled in Leopoldville playing a position as sales agent in a Belgian beer company.

In 1958 he founded the Mouvement national congolais, becoming the undisputed national leader of the independence movement at the end of the same year. He attended the Pan-African Conference of Accray was arrested on his return by the Belgians, accused of nationalist. Back in freedom, he also attended the round table in Brussels, where it was deciding the future of their country.

In June 1960, the Congo was declared independent Republic. After the elections, Lumumba won the majority and constituted, as President of the Council, the country's first Government.

Unlike other leaders, he dismissed the tribal element as a national Binder and sought the support of the working class. The procommunist posture led you to confrontation with the President i. Kasavubu and Mobutu S., Commander in Chief of the armed forces, who ended up rebelling against the Government and firing the elected President.

It triggered serious incidents caused by the clash between the security forces and supporters of the Lumunba leader, who was detained at his residence in the custody of soldiers of the United Nations. In November 1960 he got to escape and take refuge in Stanleyville, where was rearrested by Mobutu until he could enter into contact with his supporters. Again imprisoned, their custody was entrusted to police the secessionist Tshombe, who it was assassinated in January 1961.

Lumumba became, after his bloody death, the national hero in a country that suffered a long civil war which did not end until 1965, year in which general Mobutu deposed President Kasavubu through a coup and proclaimed himself President of the Republic, by adopting, in 1971, the name of Zaire after the proclamation of its independence.