Biography of Gueorgui Yevguénievich. Príncipe Lvov (1861-1925)

Russian politician, born in Tula (Russia) on October 21, 1861, and died in Paris on March 7, 1925. He/She was the first President of the Russian provisional Government established during the February 1917 Revolution (see Russian Revolution).

Born in a family of the aristocracy, he/she studied law at Moscow University and worked for the civil service until 1893, year resigned from his post and became a part of the zemstvo (local Assembly) from Tula. He/She participated in the Russo-Japanese war organizing volunteer work of support and, in 1905, joined the recently founded constitutional democratic party, liberal tendency, as a member of which was chosen to be part of the first State Duma.

During World War II, Lvov became President of the Union of zemstvos of Russia, striving in alleviating the shortage of official services in the country during the war. Their activities were often hampered by bureaucratic officials, who objected to voluntary organisations were impinging on their areas of responsibility; However, the Lvov groups made significant contributions to the war effort and earned the respect of Liberals and senior positions in the army. When the imperial Government of the zar Nicolás II, Lvov became Prime Minister of the interim Government formed in March 1917. He/She also held the post of Interior Minister, but his Government, initially composed of Liberals and subsequently also by moderate Socialists, was unable to meet the growing radical demands of the bulk of the population. In July 1917, after a great demonstration of the more leftist wing, threatening with the overthrow of the provisional Government, Lvov resigned from his post; He/She allowed that Alexander Kerenski happens as Prime Minister. When the Bolsheviks (see Bolshevism) took power in October, Lvov was arrested, but managed to escape and exile in Paris, where he/she died years later.