Biography of David Lynch (1946-VVVV)

Director of American cinema, born January 20, 1946 in Missoula, Montana.

Lynch's father, botanical, spared no energy when traveling from one State to another, analyzing forest resources. This constant movement made the future director a solitary child, affected by the fact of not having long lasting friendships. On the other hand, their parents were fairly conventional in their way of life, so, already as a teenager, Lynch began to show his penchant for those oddities that could undermine the family peace of mind. His time at the Corcoran School of Art, in Washington, resulted in a pictorial vocation which could then enrich at the Boston Museum School. In relation to this Center, was more remarkable influence of some teachers who knew how to steer Lynch a desire to transform his paintings of surrealist air in short experimental films. The first of these, The alphabet (1968), was a symptom of what would later become frequent repetition of thorny issues.

To show that interest in the film, the Academy of fine arts in Pennsylvania, where it was registered, supported The grandmother (1970), the first short film that Lynch exhibited in an organised manner. Stylish yet to cultivate, the director showed in this film a child who plant a seed which grows your grandmother. In short, a metaphorical resource already exploited by other artists, but that in this case it was raised with a singular capacity of suggestion.

At the time who studied and exhibited his paintings, David Lynch was approaching the intimate universe of artists such as Francis Bacon and Edward Hopper. That careful introspection are combined with a busy social life, because I changed working at a frenetic pace. Distributor of newspapers, Concierge, a photocopy shop employee: Lynch tried different ways to earn a living, but none suited him. In 1970 joined the Center for Advanced Film Studies Ángeles, where he acquired the necessary technical skills to engage more seriously in the business of film. With a grant from the American Film Institute began on May 29, 1973 the filming of an experimental tape, erasing head, that could not be completed until 1977. It was a film avant-garde and somewhat pretentious, but when Mel Brookssaw it, it realized that it had found the right filmmaker to direct the feature film that was about to produce, the elephant man.

The movie was a true story, set in London in 1884, when Dr. Frederick Treves (Anthony Hopkins) discovered in a fair Street the creature called elephant man and which was actually John Merrick (John Hurt), a young man of 21 years affected by a multiple neurofibromatosis that turned it into a deformed. Care of Treves, Merrick proved to be a kind and sensitive man who also knew how to move the society of his time. The film was shooting in black and white, and so Lynch had the support of Freddie Francis, director of photography who is the melancholic atmosphere that envelops all the scenes of the film. Production design Stuart Craig was commissioned and makeup that turned to John Hurt in the ailing creature was designed by Chris Tucker.

When the man completed elephant, Lynch already had become one of the young promises of the American cinema. Now, wasn't that a particularly happy moment with regard to professional decisions: he defended an unfeasible project, Ronnie Rocket, and was also allowed to reject the offer from George Lucas to direct return of the Jedi (1983). He thus gained a certain reputation of arbitrary, who tried to limit accepting the direction of another big-budget, Dune film.

In 1963 the magazine Astounding SF had published the story "Dune world", become two years later by its author, Frank Herbert, a novelistic saga of great success. In 1972 the producer Arthur P. Jacobs took the rights of the novel, that upon his death passed to become the property of Michel Seydoux. Initially it was to be responsible for leading the project, which would have a cast composed by Orson Welles, Gloria Swansom, Charlotte Rampling, Mick Jagger and Alain DelonAlejandro Jodorowsky. The design team was composed, among others, by the cartoonists H.R. Giger and Jean Giraud "Moebius". But when the financing of the film became impossible, the Italian producer Dino de Laurentiis bought the rights to the novel in 1980 and commissioned his film version to Ridley Scott , who declined the offer. De Laurentiis, Raffaella, daughter found in David Lynch a suitable substitute, and this was how the young director found himself in command of a huge team of seven hundred technicians, fifty actors and 20,000 extras. Filming, which began on March 30, 1983, took place in the Churubusco studios in Mexico, troubled by constant pressure. Both outcomes, which over time has become a film Dune to re-discover, was criticized at the time filled with moments of interest, especially in the aesthetic field.

The commercial failure of Dune questioned the career of Lynch, who wanted to recover with blue velvet (1986), a curious homage to film noir that had qualities that approached it the universes of Kafka and Buñuel. Kyle MacLachlan, a recovered Dennis Hopper and the almost debutant Isabella Rossellini made a story that began with the casual discovery of a severed ear and then derived environments of violence and fetishism. So was the proposal that the theorists of postmodernism found in Lynch securities unexpected, symptomatic of a period in which genres were proving their disability. According to the label postmodern, Lynch went on to offer new samples of his art, as the photographic collection which took place in 1988 with the collaboration of Linda Mason and Paul Gobel, "Postmodern animinas structures".

Interested in the world of television, it then proved luck with a teledrama which sought to reformulate all the conventions of the detective genre, Twin Peaks, issued by the ABC chain. The plot of this series revolved around the murder of Laura Palmer, a crime that is full of mystery that unleashed the hidden demons of an original set of characters. But if at first Twin Peaks was a fashion, over time it declined precipitously. Thus, although Lynch was awarded at the Festival de Cannes by wild at heart, his career began to darken.

His new films failed at the box office and the public began to neglect the eccentricities of the director. At this level, he tried to start the film career of his daughter, Jennifer Chambers Lynch, but his first film did not give the expected results. When in 1997 the director agreed to make a television commercial on behalf of a firm of tests for pregnancy, many critics wondered what had ruined the career of a creator as promising and influential.

In recent years the work of Lynch has wandered among the resounding failures and more or less incomprehensible experiments (such as Inland Empire) to fine films that have achieved consensus of world criticism, as in the case of its beautiful true story.

In September 2006 received the extraordinary León of Oro, awarded by the Mostra of Venice to a career.

Filmography

In cinema:

1966: Six figures getting sick. 1968: The alphabet. 1970: The grandmother. 1974: The amputee. 1977: Erasing head. 1980: The elephant man. 1984: Dune. 1986: Blue Velvet. 1989: The cowboy and the frenchman. 1990: Wild at heart. 1991: Industrial Symphony No. 1: The dream of the broken hearted.1992: Twin Peaks: Fire walk with me. 1995: Lumière and company. 1997: Lost Highway. 1999: Driven to it; A true story.; Mulholland Drive. 2002: Dumbland; Rabbits; Darkened room.2006: Inland Empire. 2007: more Things That Happened; Absurd (film). 2010: Lady Blue Shanghai (short film). 2011: I Touch A Red Button Man (short film). On television: 1990: Twin Peaks; American Chronicles. 1992: On the air.1993: Hotel Room.