Portuguese musical group formed initially by Rodrigo Leão and Pedro Ayres Magalháes in 1986. Through his fusion music, which revitalizes the Portuguese fado and incorporates close to classical and pop sounds, Madredeus it took little to become an emblematic band for the history of the Portuguese popular music. While the instrumental has a considerable weight in the group, Madredeus owes much to the voice rich in nuances of their vocal soloist Teresa Salgueiro. Other members of the original group were Gabriel Gomes, accordionist of the pop group Legião seventh; and cellist Francisco Ribeiro. The group takes its name from the place where began his essays, the old convent of Madre Deus, in Xabregas, East of Lisbon.
The managers of the record company EMI soon became fascinated with the work of the Group and decided to record their first album (Os days of Madredeus, 1987). The 19 songs that make up the first disc were recorded live by the Quintet in the convent where the trials took place. Madredeus made his debut on November 29, 1987 in the Portuguese city of Oporto and 30 October in Lisbon as companions of the seventh Legião group, presenting their new album sea of Outobro.
The public quickly appreciated his music requiring a new attitude by the listener. In the first interviews that were granted, the Group insisted on instrumental arrangements were inspired by the traditions of Portuguese popular music, and that its intention was re-awakening the enthusiasm and a taste for the song in this language.
The success of his first album was immediate and almost unexpected. This made them consider a stable musical project, with later albums such as exist (1990), Lisbon (1992), or spirit da paz (1994) and Ainda (1995). The album exist (1990) was recorded in the studios of Namouche of Lisbon. Finally, after three years of musical career, this was the first experience of Madredeus in a recording studio, and here was where they met the producer António Pinheiro da Silva, who had been a member of two bands Portuguese very influential in the 1970s: perspective and Banda do Casaco. The Group's relationship with Pinheiro gave rise to the joint production of the album exist and a fruitful collaboration which ended in 1996.
In 1991 they recorded live double album Lisbon. The disc includes the presence of invited artists such as Carlos Paredes, the great master of the Portuguese guitar and an 80-voice choir which had come from the Azores Islands especially for the concert. That same year his first performance took place in Spain, specifically in Barcelona. A year later they went to the Universal exhibition in Seville and in 1993, EMI decided to launch to Madredeus to the international circuit with concert by Germany, Belgium, Greece and Spain tours, although they already had with followers in various European countries. Pedro Ayres, who was involved in a side project with the resistance group, invited the guitarist José Peixoto to replace him at some concerts, which gave rise to Madredeus became a sextet. Meanwhile, Rodrigo Leão carried out a personal project, cause of his momentary abandonment of Madredeus, called Rodrigo Leão & Vox Ensemble, which explore the vicinity of religious music. Vox Ensemble has released two albums: Ave mundi luminar (1993) and Mysterium (1995).
In 1994 began talks with the German filmmaker Wim Wenders, who was preparing a film about Lisbon (European cultural capital of that same year) and wanted to use some of the songs of Madredeus to the soundtrack. Finally, they composed all of the original music from the Wenders film. That same spring released their new album, whose title reflected the impressions that the foreign public had compared the songs of the Group: O Espírito da Paz (the spirit of peace). The new songs were presented to the general public in a memorable concert which took place in the monastery of Batalha. Later, the group returned to Lisbon to take part in the organized concert as a tribute to José Afonso, in Lisbon's Alvalade Stadium, and to play in the Coliseum of Oporto in July. That's where Rodrigo Leão publicly announced his decision to leave the group, unable to keep pace with exhaustive work of Madredeus and preferring to devote itself to his solo musical career. In within a week, he was replaced by Carlos Maria Trindade, who accompanied Madredeus on tour in Spain.
In March 1995 the album still came to light, original soundtrack of the film Lisbon Story of Wim Wenders, who also filmed the video clips of the songs Ceu da Mouraria and Alfama. This disk Rodrigo Leão made its comeback in the group. In April they traveled to the Azores to take part in a documentary about the group, led by Dutchman Rob Rombout. In November, they performed at Lisbon during the presentation of the book Um future Maior by Jorge P. Pires, which recounts the biography of the band.
The formation of Madredeus has undergone some changes throughout his career. The original Quintet (Salgueiro, vocals; francisco Ribeiro, cello; Pedro Ayres, guitar; Gabriel Gomes, accordion; and Rodrigo Leão, keyboards) became a Sextet with the arrival of guitarist José Peixoto or burning spirit gives peace.
The extensive tours that have been made all over the world presented their latest albums (mainly Movimento, euphoria and Um infinite love) have greatly increased the reputation of the group, to consider them one of the most important names in Portuguese music of all time.
In December 2005, Salgueiro released an LP entitled Obrigado which gathers fourteen collaborations with many other artists that were recorded between 1991 and 2004. Names accompanying the singer include Maria Joâo, José Carreras, Caetano Veloso, Jah Wobble, or Carlos Núñez.
OS days da Madredeus (1987). Exist (1990). Lisbon (double CD recorded live, 1992). Or spirit gives peace (1994). Ainda (1995). Or Paradise (1997). Or Porto (1998). Anthology (2000). Movimento (2001). Euphoria (2002). UM infinite love (2004).