Italian film actress born on March 7, 1908 in Rome and died on September 26, 1973 in the same city.
Illegitimate daughter of Italian mother and Egyptian father, was raised by his grandmother, mother and educated in a convent. He studied acting at the Accademia d'Arte Drammatica in Rome while eked out a living as a singer in nightclubs. After performing in variety shows, debuted in the theatre in 1926 with a Repertory Company. After a theatrical tour of Argentina, he debuted in cinema in Scampolo (1927), of Augusto Genina, with a small paper that has no continuity. After years dedicated to the theatre, he returned to the screen to star in La cieca from Sorrento (1934), of Nuncio Malasomma. In 1935 she married the director Goffredo Alessandrini, who directed her in Cavalry (1936) despite considering it inappropriate to act in the film. Among the best of these early years emphasized a role-sharing in born on Friday (1941), by Vittorio De Sica. In 1942, he had a son out of wedlock with the actor Massimo Serato. The little Luca, affected from polio, focused the attention of his mother in subsequent years.
After the second world war, his interpretive talent found a vehicle suitable in Rome, open city (1946), by Roberto Rossellini, a masterpiece that is the birth of neorealism and marked a new epoch in the history of the cinema inside and outside Italy. Shot in natural settings and precarious conditions shortly after the liberation of Rome, the film showed the world the difficulties to survive in the last years of the war. Anna Magnani, Member of a cast of little-known or not professional, was a prodigious performance as Pina, the pregnant mistress of a Communist leader murdered by the Gestapo. Rome open city was a huge international success and was awarded the Golden Palm of the Cannes Festival. The vicissitudes of his shooting are reflected in the novel of Ugo Pirro "celuloide". The Magnani, as it was already known in Italy, received the award for best foreign actress from the National Board of Review of the United States and became an international star despite his physical, far from the canons of the time. His temperament and his enormous talent received numerous accolades. Vittorio De Sica described it as "the best actress in Italy and one of the most interesting of the world" and the American critic Pauline Kael said it is 'the most ' real' actresses'.
He received the Volpi Cup to the best actress of the of Venice Film Festival for her performance in Luigi Zampa's Noble epic (1947), and collaborated again with Rossellini in two chapters of l'amore (1948), a monologue based on the play "The human voice" by Jean Cocteau, and the controversial episode miracle, which gave life to a peasant saying to carry in your heart to Jesus Christ. In 1950 he obtained the annulment of his marriage with Goffredo Alessandrini. It became the great postwar Italian actress and worked with the best Italian and foreign directors. His film personality was evident in roles of strong women, representation of the values of the Italian woman and personification of the mamma in the classical manner. One of the best examples of his work on this record was beautiful (1951), by Luchino Visconti, where played a mother who wants her small daughter to become an actress.
Its enormous versatility allowed him to choose riskier projects inside and outside Italy, as the chariot of gold (1952), Jean Renoir, one of the most atypical films from its director who tells the story of a troupe of 18th-century South America. His first film in the United States was the rose tattoo (1955), by Daniel Mann, adaptation of the homonymous work that Tennessee Williams, his close friend, wrote to the Magnani premiered it on Broadway. She was awarded the Oscar of the Academy for best actress and the Golden Globe and the New York critics Award for his portrayal of the widow Serafina Delle Rose, who remains a passionate romance with a truck driver played by Burt Lancaster.
The Magnani worked since then in a way regular in Hollywood without leaving the Italian productions. He received the silver bear for the best actress in the Berlin Film Festival and was nominated for the Oscar for the second time for his performance in wind wild (1957), of George Cukor, a melodrama that starred opposite Anthony Quinn. Among the best of their latest works powerfully highlighted Mamma Roma (1962), of Pier Paolo Pasolini, in which played a prostitute in years who tries to change his life and reunite with her teenage son after years of separation. Heir directly and at the same time homage to neorealism, Mamma Roma was the second movie of Pasolini and could roll thanks to the support of a star like Magnani in a role written for her.
Actress significantly reduced his professional activity during the 1960s, and his appearances in the film were increasingly scarce. Dedicated above all to the theatre and on television. Rome (1972), Federico Fellini, film halfway between documentary and fiction in which appears briefly making itself, was his last work on the big screen. Anna Magnani died of a cancer of the pancreas. Become a veritable national symbol, his funeral caused a concentration of people in Rome only surpassed by the honours reserved for Popes. His remains rest in the family mausoleum of his friend Roberto Rossellini.
1927: Scampolo.1934: Tempo massimo; The cieca di Sorrento.1935: Quei due.1936: thirty seconds of love; Caballeria.1938: The Princess Tarakanova.1939: A lampada alla finestra.1941: fuggitiva; Born on Friday; Finally soli.1942: Fortune comes dal cielo.1943: La vita è bella; He lives if you leave; T'amero sempre; Campo de' fiori; L'aventura di Annabella; Gli assi della risata.1944: Il fiore sotto gli occhi.1945: Abbaso misery! 1946: Rome open city; The richezza Abasso!; A uomo ritorna; Lo sconosciuto di San Marino; Il bandito; Avanti a lui SI tutta Roma.1947: Quartetto pazzo; Noble gesta; Asunta Spina.1948: Molti sogni per the strada; L'amore. 1949: Vulcano.1951: bellisima.1952: Camicie rosse; Oro.1953 float: we the mujeres.1955: the rose tattoo; Carrosello of the varieta.1957: Suor Letizia; Wind salvaje.1958: Hell in the city. 1959: Serpiente.1960 skin: come the ladrones.1962: Mamma Roma.1964: Le magot de Josefa.1967: Made in Italy.1969: the secret of Santa Victoria.1971: Correva l'anno di grazia 1870.1972: Rome.