Biography of Jamil Mahuad (1950-VVVV)

Politician, businessman and lawyer who was born in the city of Loja, Ecuador, in 1950. Belonging to the Ecuadorian political formation, Popular democracy, Mahuad has experienced one more short and bright political career to assume the Presidency of Ecuador on 10 August 1998.

He was born in a family of German and Lebanese immigrants who established a business of fabrics in the towns of Loja and Guayaquil, where Mahuad lived up to the fifteen years of age, carrying out his primary studies in the colleges of San José and Abdón Calderón, of the town. From there he/she moved to Quito, the capital, to continue with their secondary studies, and finally completed his training at Harvard University, where he/she earned a doctorate in jurisprudence and reached the Bachelor's degree in business administration.

With only twenty-one years old, he/she worked as private Secretary of the then-Minister of production, Vicente Burneo, getting started in this way in the Affairs of State administration. Soon after, in 1982, he/she joined the Popular democracy, DP, from the hand of the former President of Ecuador, Osvaldo Hurtado. With such political Godfather is not surprising that in just two years it achieved the position of Minister of labour, who served from 1982 to 1984, having been Manager of Emprovit, the State enterprise.

In 1984, for the first time, was elected Deputy for the constituency of Pichincha, occupying his seat within the opposition to the new President León Febres Cordero, who remained in office from 1984 until 1988. Hamuad, elected President of the people's democracy decided in January 1988, submitted to the presidential elections, in which won fifth place. As a result of these findings, Mahuad accepted a scholarship to study at the school of J. F. Kennedy Government, at Harvard University.

After their brief stay in the United States, Jamil Mahuad, he/she returned to Ecuador in 1990, being elected again as a member by Pichincha without rest in their public activities have subtracted you the slightest prominence within the political landscape of Ecuador, who instead saw increase progressively. The Decade of the nineties for Mahuad assumed his political coronation, because in 1998 he/she achieved victory in the presidential elections in Ecuador, but until he/she got it there face difficult personal situations, suffering, in some cases, in their own flesh, a radicalized, political environment in which the weight of the military continued maintaining a prominent influenceall joined the socio-economic difficulties that did not find a solution in a political class that is delivered to a frantic struggle for power.

The new legislature opened in 1990 was marked by the vote on the amnesty of Abdalá Bucaram, autoexiliado in Panama. Mahuad was assaulted by one of the supporters of Bucaram. In 1992 he/she decided to stand as elected Mayor of Quito, relegating his aspiration to the Presidency of the Republic, Sixto Durán Ballén, with whom Mahuad could not establish a balanced struggle of forces to the post occupied. Mahuad decided to wait and got in the elections held in May 1992, against his political rival Fabián Alarcón, Mayor of the capital; two years later, in May 1996, he/she was re-elected against Federico Pérez. Since that time he/she alternated the obligations assumed by that office with his preparation for the presidential elections.

In 1997 a new setback seemed to stop his run toward the Presidency again to suffer a stroke, that provided him with partial paralysis affecting the left side of his body, while attending the meeting of the Inter-American Bank of development, IDB, in Barcelona. However, despite the seriousness of his case, he/she managed recover, accepting, in the month of February, to be his party's candidate in the presidential election that would be held two months later, in May 1998.

In these elections, along with Mahuad presented five more nominations, among which stood out above all the of his arch rival political, Álvaro Noboa. Only these two candidates made it through to the second round held a month later, in July of that same year, and in which Jamil Mahuad won the victory by getting the 51' 16% of the vote against 48' 83% obtained that Noboa. The election defeat was not well taken by Noboa, who denounced electoral fraud in the election and filed an appeal of scrutiny before the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, whose report did not alter the outcome of the elections. Thus on 10 August 1998, Mahuad was sworn in his new position as President of Ecuador before the Parliament, mandate having a temporal duration of five years.

On January 6, 2000 he/she decreed the State of emergency, hours before the start a wave of demonstrations and protests against the degradation of the economic situation, the resignation of Mahuad and the dissolution of Congress and the High Court of Justice. Finally, the 21st of that month Jamil Mahuad fled the Presidential Palace in Quito, cornered by the assault on power that had starred a group of soldiers and thousands of indigenous peoples. They took the Parliament and the headquarters of the Supreme Court and proclaimed a junta of national salvation, under the chairmanship of Colonel Lucio Gutiérrez. The next day, the up to then Vice President of the Government, Gustavo Noboa, was appointed new Chief Executive.