Biography of Stéphane Mallarmé (1842-1898)

French writer, who was born in Paris and died in Valvins. He lost his mother at the age of five, and also to his sister María; his father was the record official. He got a State job that led him to regular humiliation. This combination of circumstances resulted in him throughout his life a lot of frustrations. After the poetry of Baudelaire and Poe were encouraged to form in the literary career. He traveled to Great Britain to perfect English; When he returned, he married Marie Gehrard and started working at the Lyceum of Torunon. These dates published a few poems in the Parnasse Contemporain, 1886, and began writing the poem Herodias, poem that long finish due to numerous transfers that had to endure for business reasons: first to Besançon and then to Avignon. He did not return to Paris until 1871.

Birth of the Symbolist poetry

Symbolist poetry was officially born in 1876 and found its most faithful exponent in Mallarmé. In 1867 he began the story de brevitate vitae, or the madness of Elbehnon, work in which all the Repertoire of objects, images etc. of his subsequent poetry is present. His friends pooled around him as the founder of a school. Symbolist poetry was an act of scission of the bonanza of the author. In 1876 he published the NAP of a Faun where symbols are converted in the middle to apprehend the world of dreams and represent all. Mallarmé published in 1897 a Chuck dice never abolish chance. To break with the traditional syntactic and graphic system and return to the great dialogue put on hold, with a question mark, the poem Igitur, written many years before, met the metaphysical question with a denial. Mallarmé promised to his disciples the absolute book, but died without writing it. Not any conclusion reached in the search for the absolute, but it opened a multitude of questions. His influence was decisive for the Dadaists and futurists and hermetic: and others have learned how to use the line spacing of the typographical bodies, new technical resources, the value of silence, the blanks on words, written to reduce the poetry to a pure sign, a pure figure.