Biography of Louis Malle (1932-1995)

French filmmaker, born in Thumeries (France) on October 30, 1932, and died on November 23, 1995 in Los Angeles (United States)...

Life

Malle is the phrase that says "how much more alive, less trust in ideas and emotions". And it should be noted that Malle was a man with ideas. Pupil of the Jesuits in Fontainebleau and graduate in political science at the University of Sorbonne, Malle was born in a family of seven children, descended from a French nobleman who had made his fortune during the Napoleonic wars. It was soon interested in photography and image, which surely forged the second part of your statement. At first her family did not see with good eyes to devote himself to cinema, but completed her education at the Institute Des Hautes Études cinématographiques (IDHEC). As photographer met Jacques Cousteau, he fell in love with your project and embarked on "La Calypso" to become, in the words of the own Cousteau, the best underwater camera that this had never. Their joint work was monde Le du silence, which became the first film of Malle as director, apart from his work as director of photography, and he did win an Oscar best documentary and the Palme d'Or for best director, shared with Jacques Cousteau.

The career of Malle, which extends nearly forty years, it also benefits from its contribution as a screenwriter and actor. The need to write scripts comes in your case both the establishment of his philosophy and some autobiographical exercise. From lovers to wound, Malle extends his conception of sexuality, especially women, with different reactions from the audiences and critics throughout the times. Because of their militant erotic taboos broken, found cases like the one that occurred in 1968, in which the Supreme Court of the United States.UU. they were accused of obscenity to a room of Ohio projecting lovers. This was perhaps the main reason that Malle was so reluctant to enter fully into the Hollywood environment.

He had already filmed some of their most significant titles, such as Zazie in the subway or the blow to the heart - that earned him a nomination to the Oscar in the category of best screenplay original-, when he traveled to the United States. There he met the actress Susan Sarandon, with whom he began a relationship that would lead them to collaborate in titles such as the small - whose soundtrack was nominated for the Oscar - or Atlantic City, although he did not get any figurine obtained five nominations for the Oscar and three to the Golden Globes. But soon the relationship with Sarandon failed and Malle also began to find it hard to roll. After Atlantic City made three films that would provide him the opportunity to go to Ed Harris, Sean Penn and Donald Sutherland, and two feature films for television, God completo Country and And the Pursuit of Happiness, which also lends his voice as Narrator.

Return to France will have a double meaning: the reunion with European film and himself. Goodbye, boys offers you the opportunity to exorcise his own experience of the German occupation of France during the second world war. The story is set in 1944 in a Catholic school that sheltered Jewish children. The autobiographical fact, far from falling to Malle in a succession of dramatic events, reflects a moving story, more by what hinted after the looks, that because so little that can be of explicit in the narration. They say that Malle wept the night of the premiere, which gives an idea of his direct involvement with the story. Goodbye, boys earned two nominations to the Oscar in the sections of film and screenplay and a best foreign film Golden Globes. In Europe would be most generous: won the Félix for best screenplay and the León de Oro awarded Malle as best director.

His last three films are completely different stories. Close and disease, this does not decrease one iota his passion. Milou in may collect, many years later, the spirit of 68, which Malle hurries to vindicate, not without humor, as something viscerally French. Wound, based on the novel by Josephine Hart Irishwoman, her speech becomes disturbing, hiding behind every image that danger that exhibits the most informative phrase from the script: "injured persons are dangerous; they know that they can survive." Fully convinced that in this story the image void words, he chose an actress, Juliette Binoche, with the quality of make that his presence, his gaze, interpreted by her. But it was Britain's Miranda Richardson who won both the Oscar and the Golden Globe nominations as best supporting actress. Malle closed his filmography unwittingly with Vanya on 42nd Street, a story about the theater that had as main axis of the characters fear to have wasted their lives. Nothing seems casual. To Malle was diagnosed with a cancer that affected her lymph glands and died on November 23, 1995 in Beverly Hills, California, next to which had been his wife since 1981, Candice Bergen.

Even having clear what must have been the constants in his work, Malle tirelessly sought variety. From the comic western autobiographical drama it was never a strict director, he was confident that the contribution of the actors would broaden the vision of his work. Confronted to variations on the forbidden sex, including incest (blow to the heart) and prostitution (small) in his repertoire, and surrounded himself with the most prestigious professionals. His contribution to the "Nouvelle vague" passed by corroborate the conception of a new morality. Once again demonstrates that European cinema owes him one of their key names and American cinema can give thanks for the time devoted to.

Filmography

As director:

Short films: 1954: Station 307. 1955: La fontaine de Vaucluse.

Feature films: 1956: monde Le du silence (and director of photography). 1958: elevator to the gallows (and screenplay). 1959: lovers (and screenplay). 1960: Zazie in the metro (and screenplay and production). 1961: private life (and screenplay). 1962: Live le tour (and director of photography). 1963: will-o'-the-WISP (and screenplay). 1965: María Viva!. 1967: Le voleur (screenplay); Histoires extraordinaires (an episode). 1968: Calcutta (and Narrator). 1971: the blow to the heart (and screenplay). 1974: Place de la Republique; Lacombe Lucien (producer and screenwriter); Human, too human. 1975: Black Moon. 1976: Close up. 1978: The small (producer and screenwriter). 1980: Atlantic City. 1981: My dinner with André. 1983: Crackers.1985: Alamo Bay, the Bay of hatred (and producer); God completo Country (and cinematographer and Narrator). 1986: And the Pursuit of Happiness (photography director and Narrator). 1987: Goodbye boys (screenplay and production). 1989: Milou in May (and production and screenplay). 1992: wound (and production). 1994: Vanya on 42nd Street.

As a screenwriter: 1968: private life. 1969: The fiancée du pirate. 1992: La vie de Bohème. 1993: Jean Renoir.

Works for television: 1964: Bons baisers de Bangkok (TV). 1969: L'Inde Fantôme (TV series; and Narrator). 1976: Close up. 1994: Murphy Brown: My movie with Louis (actor, as himself).

Other works: 1956: A convicted to mort s'est echappe (Assistant Director). 1962: Le combat dans l' île (Supervisor's direction and producer). 1966: the young Törless (direction Supervisor). 1969: the fiancée du pirate (actor).

Bibliography

Louis Malle by Louis Malle. Valladolid. 32 week of cinema. 1987.

SHAWN w. GREGORY, and a.: My Dinner with André. New York. First Evergreen Ed. 1981.

C. manzano

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