Biography of Johan August Malmström (1829-1901)

Painter, engraver on wood and Swedish Illustrator, born in Bastra Ny (Östergötland), on September 14, 1829 and died in Stockholm, on October 18, 1901. Malmström was one of the main representatives of the Swedish scene in the second half of the 19th century. Among its extensive production include his paintings of landscapes and portraits, historical theme, genres in which combined the influence of contemporary French teachers with the classical present in the Louvre Museum.

He began his studies in drawing and painting in 1849, when he enrolled to follow courses at the Academy of fine arts in Stockholm (Kungliga Akademi för de Fria Konsterna). Completed in 1856, he lived for a year in Düsseldorf and later moved to Paris. During his stay in the French capital between 1857 and 1864, Malmström completed his artistic training. First came into the Studio of Thomas Couture, whose influence can be seen in his later work, especially in his work on historical themes. In addition to his training in the workshop of Couture, the Swedish artist took the opportunity to make numerous visits to the Louvre Museum where he studied and copied the old masters, with special interest in Titian. Within the current artists who followed the wake of Mengs and Winckelman, Malmström expressed a deep interest in all matters related to the classical Latin culture and to expand their knowledge of this made two trips to Italy, where he visited with special interest Rome. In 1863, he also took a trip to Germany's return to his country, during which he visited Munich and Berlin and ended by establishing his residence in Stockholm. Among his work painted in Paris, stresses which illustrates scenes and legends from mythology and Swedish history: in 1859, he made Ingebord work receiving the news of the death of Hjälmaren and in 1861 he painted the battle of Bravalla (both of which are preserved in the National Museum of Stockholm).

Upon his return to Stockholm in 1864, Malmström combined its production as a painter and Illustrator with the teacher. He was a Professor of the Academy of fine arts in Stockholm since 1871, institution of which he was director between 1887 and 1893. Until the last decade of his life that was devoted to the execution of landscapes in watercolor, his work of historical and mythological themes constitutes the core of the work of Malmstrom. The interest that the artist felt for Scandinavian culture, its myths and beliefs by both its history was reflected in the illustration of a series of works on paper and on different canvases. In 1868 he made illustrations for the Saga of Frithjof. Subsequently he made illustrations for the Saga of Ragnar Lodbrok (1880); illustrations for the work of Johan Ludvig Runeberg , which was presented at the Kungliga Tekniska Högskola in Stockholm, Grave of Perrho, and various works that portrayed the war conflict developed between Sweden and Russia in 1808-09 with regard to Finland. He also made several portraits of individual and group, including dance and Last pair out (both from 1866, Stockholm's National Museum). From 1890, Malmström executed numerous landscapes in which availed themselves of the watercolor technique to transmit his romantic vision of the genre. Most are preserved in the Museum of Helsinki and Stockholm's National Museum.

Bibliography

BUENDIA, ROGELIO and GALLEGO, JULIAN. European and North American art 19th century. Summa Artis. General history of art. (Madrid, Editorial Espasa Calpe, 1999).

VV.. end of the century and the first ISMS of the 20th century. Summa Artis. General history of art. (Madrid, Editorial Espasa Calpe, 1999).

BENEDIZT, e. (Editor). Dictionary of painters, sculptors and engravers. (Paris, publishing Benedizt, 1952).

AJMS