Biography of Silvana Mangano (1930-1989)

Silvana Mangano

Italian film actress born on April 21, 1930 in Rome (Italy) and died on December 16, 1989, in Madrid (Spain).

One of the four sons of a Sicilian railroad worker and an English, studied dance from a young age and worked as a model. In 1946 won the Miss Rome beauty contest, which led shortly after his film debut with a small role in L 'elisir d' amore (1947), Mario Costa. In his first film as protagonist, bitter rice (1948), Giuseppe di Santis, he/she obtained an extraordinary international success. Mangano played a drip of rice in this social drama influenced by Neorealist aesthetic and became the first post-war star and symbol of the voluptuousness of Italian woman. American critics referred to it as "the Rita Hayworth Italian". Bitter rice was also the leap to the popularity of its male actors Vittorio Gassman and Raf Vallone. Mangano rejected the offers received from Hollywood and the British Alexander Korda and married to bitter rice, Dino De Laurentiis, producer who was father of her four children and producer of many of his films.

His following works exploited his image of sexual, ground symbol which is a pioneer of a group of actresses who emerged from his success as a Sofía Loren or Gina Lollobrigida. Mangano soon departed from typecasting and interpreted more risky roles, as the prostitutes of the gold of Naples (1954), Vittorio De Sica, which got the Nastro Azzurro for best actress, and the great war (1959), Mario Monicelli, production of De Laurentiis in which showed his skills for the comedy with a master like Alberto Sordi. In the sixties he/she reduced his professional activity and chose a few roles, usually with the directors who admired. In the film's episodes the witches (1966) interpreted the different lead roles in five segments led among others by Vittorio De Sica, Pier Paolo Pasolini and Luchino Visconti, the three capital directors within her career as an actress: De Sica in the 1950s, Pasolini in the sixties and Visconti in the 1970s.

Oedipus, the son of Fortune (1967), returned to collaborate with Pasolini. In this adaptation of the Sophocles classic, Silvana Mangano interpreted Iocasta, incestuous mother of Oedipus. The political-religious parable theorem (1969), again directed by Pasolini, was the next film of Mangano; It played another mother, this one of a family of Italian bourgeoisie, suffering the impact of the arrival home of a young guest, played by Terence Stamp. His brief appearance as the Virgin María in the Decameron (1970), first of the controversial "trilogy of life" films, is his latest collaboration with Pasolini. In death in Venice (1971), Luchino Visconti it agreed to work without salary and achieved one of his greatest performances as the mother of the teenager Tadzio, object of desire of the actor Dirk Bogarde. This adaptation of the work of Thomas Mann, one of the masterpieces of its author, marked the beginning of the relationship between Mangano and Visconti in the 1970s that Luis II of Bavaria (1972) and confidences (1974).

Withdrawn almost completely in the world of interpretation on the death in 1981 of his son Federico in plane crash, sank Silvana Mangano in a deep depression. He/She is detained at home and in 1983 was separated from her husband Dino De Laurentiis. A small role in Dune (1984), from David Lynch, his daughter Raffaella De Laurentiis production for Universal, and the black eyes (1987), Nikita Mihailkov extroardinaria, in which played the aristocratic wife of Marcello Mastroianni, were his last two appearances on the big screen. In 1988 he/she began the process of her divorce from De Laurentiis. Affected cancer for several years, he/she died of a stroke while recovering in Madrid from a lung tumor operation.

Silvana Mangano, the most elegant of the Italian stars that have emerged in the post-war period, let a too brief career in which his great interpretive talent was tapped by some of the greatest Italian directors of history.


1946: L'elisir d'amore. 1947: men are enemies; Il delitto di Giovanni Episcopo.1948: rice amargo.1949: the Sila.1950 Wolf: the Bandit calabres.1951: Anna.1954: the gold of Naples; Ulysses; Mambo.1956: Men and lobos.1958: Barrage contre le Pacifique; The tempestad.1959: the great guerra.1960: five women marked; Crime in Montecarlo.1961: the last judgment; Life dificil.1962: Barabbas; The process of Verona.1964: my lady; Il disco volante.1965: I, I, I and the demas.1966: the brujas.1967: the great lover; Oedipus, the son of the fortuna.1968: theorem; Capriccio all'italiana. 1970: El decameron.1971: death in Venice; The africano.1972 Scipio: sowing illusions; Luis II of Bavaria; D'amore if muore.1974: Confidencias.1984: Dune.1987: black eyes.