Biography of Joan Mañé i Flaquer (1823-1901)

Essayist, journalist and Spanish theatrical critic, born in Torredembarra (Tarragona) in 1823 and died in Barcelona in 1901. Dump since his early youth to the cultivation of literary journalism, in 1841, with only eighteen years of age, began a brilliant career in the press as a theatrical critic of the Rotary Diari de Barcelona (1841), at the time that published other journalistic collaborations in some of the major journals of his catalan, as the genius and the discussion cultural environment. Simultaneously, the young Joan Mañé cultivated his interest in the humanistic disciplines pursuing higher studies in philosophy and literature at the University of Barcelona. In 1851 married Castellón writer Amalia Fenollosa and Peris, which widowed in 1869. Subsequently, he/she married second María Vives y Mendoza, daughter of the poet and storyteller Málaga María Mendoza Méndez Vives.

After occupying it for several years of the aforementioned section of theatrical criticism, its growing concern for the politics of his time led him to publish numerous articles on this subject in the Diari de Barcelona, newspaper that became one of the main organs of expression of Spanish 19th century conservatism. This was no obstacle for it provided also to this newspaper, whose Director took over from 1865, of a singular significance in the cultural, intellectual and artistic field of the domino catalan, as well as an important specific weight in any religious debate. By then, the influence Joan Mañé i Flaquer had already surpassed the limits of regional scope to spread throughout Spain, especially after 1863, year in which, without interrupting his collaborations in the Diari de Barcelona, where he/she had begun his career, assumed the leadership of the prestigious newspaper the time at any time, Madrid.

From his prominence at the head of the conservative sector of the Spanish policy in the second half of the 19th century, Joan Mañé became one of the most enthusiastic champions of the Catholic faith, which earned him the confidence of Pope Pius IX. It also counted with the support and consideration of the King Alfonso XII, as well as with the favour of the leader of the Spanish conservatives, Antonio Cánovas de Castillo, with which however took acrimony because of the campaign undertaken by Mané i Flaquer in defense of the fueros of Navarre and the Basque country provinces. Indeed, during the last quarter of a century the catalan journalist became a theoretician of the nationalistic causes of those territories, which added to his on defense of the specific identity of his native Catalonia. This nationalist ideas were embodied in his books titled the oasis: journey to the country of the fueros, regionalism and provincial letters.