Biography of King of Babilonia Marduk-apla-iddina o Merodach-Baladan (721-702 a.C.)

(Marduk-apal-iddina or love.UD-A-SE-na) Eleventh King of the ninth dynasty of Babylon and antiasirio leader of the Chaldean tribe of Bit Jakin, on the shores of the Persian Gulf. Such character, also known as Merodach-Baladan, governed by two times in Babylon: the first from the 721-710 BC and the second for nine months (703-702 BC). Marduk-apla-iddina II is attested around 729 BC, when the Assyrian Tiglath-pileser III was in Bit-Amukani besieging Sapija. Assyrian sources from the time allude to Marduk-apla-iddina II as "King of the country of the sea" (shar mat Tamti) and remember that you paid tribute to the Assyrian monarch. Assyria could seize the Babylonian throne keeping it under their control to 722 BC; However, irregularities in the Royal succession in Assyria at the end of the Government of Shalmaneser V, who reigned in Babylon with the name of Ululaya, and the rivalry with the Elam gave the opportunity to Marduk-apla-iddina II settle in Babylon in 721 BC. From there faced the new Assyrian king Sargón II, for which established a coalition of Babylonians, Chaldeans and Aramaic, as well as political contacts and alliances with the Elamites, ruled by Khumban-nikash I, with Arabia and Judah (King Hezekiah). Its economic reforms and its concern for traditional religion caused some internal problems. Later in 710 BC, Sargón II could defeat the coalition of Marduk-apla-iddina II, who had taken refuge not far from Ur, and forced him to flee to the Elam. From the 709-707 BC, the Assyrian troops marched through the territories of the Chaldean King and captured their tribal capital, Dur-Jakin. Up to 703 B.c. do not become to have news of Marduk-apla-iddina II, who is occupying the throne of Babylon after moving to Marduk-zakir-shumi II with the help of the elamita Shutur-Nakhkhunte II. However, at the end of the nine months of Government, Sennacherib of Assyria defeated Marduk-apla-iddina II and his allies in Kish, and placed on the throne a Chaldean, educated in Assyria, called Bel-ibni. The Chaldean King was finally deported by the Assyrians, who forced him to go to the Elam, where was the national deities and even the bones of their ancestors, and where most likely died before 694 BC